gods and goddesses from Greek and Latin Myths

(mythology for all seasons)

Greek and Roman gods

Knowledge about Greek deities came primarily from Greek drama and the epic verse that was performed at public festivals. The most significant early epics about the Olympian gods were composed about the eighth century B.C. Centuries before the conquest of Greece in 146 A.D., the Romans had adopted many of the Greek gods to supplement their own rather insignificant, formless pantheon of divinities.

The Romans didn't stop at importing Greek gods; in fact, they adopted the gods and goddesses of several of the other people that they conquered.

Rulers of the gods: Zeus, Jupiter; Hera, Juno
Greek: Zeus (god who replaced Cronus)
Latin: Jupiter (god also called Jove; replaced Saturn [father of Jupiter])

King of the gods and ruler of mankind.

Symbols: eagle, thunderbolts, and the oak.

Greek: Hera (goddess; also the goddess of women and marriage)
Latin: Juno (goddess; also the goddess of women and marriage)

The queen of the gods, wife of Jupiter (Greek); or Jove (Latin), and patroness of married women.

Symbols: the pomegranate, the peacock, and the cuckoo.

Sea: Poseidon, Neptune
Greek: Poseidon (god)
Latin: Neptune (god)

God of the sea, horses, and earthquakes.

Symbols: the trident (a three-pronged spear), dolphins, and horses.

Sleep: Hypnos, Somnus
Greek: Hypnos (god)
Latin: Somnus (god)
Sorcery and Witchcraft; Earlier, the Moon, Earth, and the Underworld: Hecate, Trivia
Greek: Hecate (goddess)
Latin: Trivia (goddess, whose name means “of the three ways” because, like Hecate, she was worshipped at crossroads)
Strife and Discord: Eris, Discordia
Greek: Eris (goddess)
Latin: Discordia (goddess)
Sun: Helios, Sol
Greek: Helios (god; later identified with Apollo)
Latin: Sol (god; later identified with Phoebus Apollo)
Underworld: Hades, Pluto; Persephone, Proserpina
Greek: Hades (god, also called Pluto)
Latin: Pluto (god, also called Dis or Orcus)
Greek: Persephone (goddess)
Latin: Proserpina (goddess)

The gods and goddesses of the underworld, minerals, and wealth.

Symbols: Cerberus, the bident (a two-pronged spear)

Victory: Nike, Victoria
Greek: Nike (goddess)
Latin: Victoria (goddess)
War: Ares, Mars; Bellona
Greek: Ares (god); (no equivalent goddess)
Latin: Mars (god); Bellona (goddess)

The god of war.

Symbols: sword, shield, dogs, and vultures.

Wealth: Plutus
Greek: Plutus (god)
Latin: (no equivalent god)
Winds: Aeolus
Greek: Aeolus (god)
Latin: (no equivalent god)
Wine and Revelry: Dionysus, Bacchus
Greek: Dionysus (god, also called Bacchus)
Latin: Bacchus; as well as, Liber (god). Liber was also associated with Libera, goddess of the vine.

The god of wine and of an orgiastic religion celebrating the power and fertility of nature, drama, and revelry.

Symbols: ivy, grapes, and leopards or panthers.

Wisdom, Technical Skill, and Invention: Pallas Athena, Minerva
Greek: Pallas Athena (goddess)
Latin: Minerva (goddess)

The goddess of wisdom, war, and weaving.

Symbols: the Aegis (a shield on which was fixed the head of Medusa, a woman with snakes instead of hair on her head, whose look turned beholders into stone)

Youth: Hebe, Juventas
Greek: Hebe (goddess)
Latin: Juventas (goddess)

Pointing to myth units The mythico- words unit.

A cross reference of word units that are related, directly or indirectly, to the: "moon": Calendar, Moon Facts; Chemical Element: selenium; luna, luni-; Luna, the earth moon; menisc-; meno-; Planets in Motion; plano-; seleno-.