brachyo-, brachy-, -brachy, -brach

(Greek: short, shortness, small [also expressed as "slow"])

Used in the sense of "abnormally small, short".

Describing any brief, rapid system of writing that may be used in transcribing, or recording, the spoken word.

Such systems, many having characters based on the letters of the alphabet, were used in ancient times; the shorthand of Tiro, Cicero's amanuensis, was used for centuries. Modern systems date from 1588, when Timothy Bright published his 500-odd symbols for words; a French system was developed by Jacques Cossard in 1651, a German one in 1679. In 1602, Rev. John Willis published the Arte of Stenographie; there followed dozens of systems before 1837, when the shorthand of Isaac Pitman appeared.

The Pitman system, with improvements, is in wide use in English-speaking countries today; it is perhaps the most rapid shorthand system and is favored by many court and convention reporters.

Having, or denoting, a shorter form than that of the usually accepted norm.
Radiotherapy in which the source of irradiation is placed close to the surface of the body or within a body cavity; e.g., application of radium to the cervix.