(Latin: prefix; to, toward, a direction toward, addition to, near, at; and changes to: ac-, af-, ag-, al-, an-, ap-, aq-, ar-, as-, at- when ad- is combined with certain words that begin with the letters c, f, g, l, n, p, q, r, s, and t)
The Latin element ad carries the idea of "in the direction of" and combines with many Latin words and roots to make common English words.
The form ad- appears in this form before a vowel and before the consonants d, h, j, m, and v. It is simplified to a- before sc, sp and st.
Before c, f, g, l, n, p, q, r, s, and t; ad- is changed to ac-, af-, ag-, al-, an-, ap-, aq-, ar-, as-, and at-.
In other words, the d of ad usually changes into the same letter as the first letter of the following root or word when it is a consonant: ad-fix becomes affix, and ad-sign becomes assign; therefore, making a double consonant.
Another example includes: attract as with ad-tract (drawn towards); so it has a double t. On the other hand when ad- precedes a vowel, as with adapt, it is simply ad-apt, with one d. For the same reason, there is only one d in adore and adumbrate, because ad- has combined with orare and umbra each of which starts with a vowel.
So, remember: since these Latin words begin with vowels and not consonants, the d of ad does not double as shown in the previous examples.
At some place which is indicated.
Motto used by the Jesuit order (Society of Jesuits).
Sometimes the full expression is cited as the rationale for actions taken by Christians.
After the manner of.
Ad nauseam suggests that certain actions, speeches, discussions, etc. have reached a point at which they are almost more than anyone can bear!
Henry bragged ad nauseam about the one home run he hit while playing baseball.
Go to this Word A Day Revisited Index
so you can see more of Mickey Bach's cartoons.
Before one's eyes.
To the ancestors or to the dead. To go ad patres is to die; to send someone ad patres is to kill that person.
These words are traditionally used to open papal bulls.
Ad populum is intended for the ears of all the people, not just a limited or special few.
Like the English proverb: "A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush." It is considered more important to hold on to what one has than to risk everything in speculation.
Opposite of a quo (from which).
A legal phrase used for assessing damages relating to privately owned land that is taken for public use. The name of a writ formerly issuing from the English chancery, commanding the sheriff to make an inquiry "to what damage" a specified act, if done, will tend.
This writ is of ancient origin, and could be issued as a writ of right when a landowner was dissatisfied with the assessment of damages as a result of a condemnation commission.
The legal phrase ad referendum is also used for assessing damages relating to privately owned land that is taken for public use.
This writ of ad referendum is of ancient origin, and could have been issued as a writ of right when a landowner was dissatisfied with the assessment of damages to his property as a result of a condemnation commission.