Latin Proverbs, Mottoes, Phrases, and Words: Group A
(classical-language maxims, slogans, adages, proverbs, and words of wisdom that can still capture our modern imagination)
Expressions of general truths: Latin to English maxims, proverbs, and mottoes
Word entries are from Latin unless otherwise indicated.
Food for the gallows; applied to those who are thought to be deserving of execution.
Acheruns [Acheron] was one of seven rivers said to flow around Hell. Anyone adjudged sufficiently evil may be said to be Acheruntis pabulum, or “food of Acheron”.
Acta est fabula was used at the close of a dramatic performance in the ancient Roman theater.
Acta est fabula are said to be the dying words of Emperor Caesar Augustus.
The maxim Acta est fabula may be appropriately spoken whenever a life or an unfolding event comes to an unhappy end or is simply concluded.
The acta sanctorum involves the lives of the Christian martyrs and saints that are used in teaching the faith.
"It is over or finished."
2. In Roman law, the legality of herding animals or driving a vehicle across another person's land: A long time ago in Roman times, an actus allowed a farmer, for example, to drive his domesticated animals over his neighbor's property.
An overly delicate euphemism, as, for example, the 19th century prudish avoidance of mentioning a chicken’s breast or leg by saying “white meat” and “dark meat”.
Used to indicate a specific year date.
Before c, f, g, l, n, p, q, r, s, and t; ad- is changed to ac-, af-, ag-, al-, an-, ap-, aq-, ar-, as-, and at-.
In other words, the d of ad usually changes into the same letter as the first letter of the following root or word when it is a consonant: ad-fix becomes affix, and ad-sign becomes assign; therefore, making a double consonant.
Another example includes: attract as with ad-tract (drawn towards); so it has a double t. On the other hand when ad- precedes a vowel, as with adapt, it is simply ad-apt, with one d. For the same reason, there is only one d in adore and adumbrate, because ad- has combined with orare and umbra each of which starts with a vowel.
So, remember: since these Latin words begin with vowels and not consonants, the d of ad does not double as shown in the previous examples.