iatro-, iater-, -iatria, -iatric, -iatrician, -iatrics, -iatrist, -iatry; -iatricians, -iatrists, -iatries +

(Greek: physician; heal, cure, treat; medical healing)

iatrochemist
A member of the iatrochemical school.
iatrochemistry, iatrochemical, chemiatry
1. A school of medicine active from 1525 to 1660; it theorized that life, health, and disease were the result of chemical balances, and that disease was to be treated chemically. Its most famous members were Paracelsus, J.B. van Helmont, and de la Boë Sylvius.
2. The study of chemistry in relation to physiologic and pathologic processes, and the treatment of disease by chemical substance as practiced by a school of medical thought in the 17th century.
3. Denoting a school of medicine practicing iatrochemistry.

Science is a flickering light in our darkness, it is but the only one we have and woe to him who would put it out.

—Morris Cohen
iatrogenesis
1. An illness, injury, or fatality that is the direct result of medical intervention (doctor induced), ranging from inappropriate treatment to harmful drug interaction, misinterpretation of a lab test, or a fatal reaction to an injection of penicillin or other medication.

Adverse side effects and dangerous interactions between drugs are probably the most common types of iatrogenic illnesses.

2. Any adverse mental or physical condition induced in a patient through the effects of treatment by a physician or surgeon; for example, chemotherapy, often used to attenuate or cure a cancer, initiates a process that causes the individual to become severely ill.

In an elderly person, a fall can lead to the use of restraints and bedrest, which can cause thrombophlebitis [inflammation of a vein in conjunction with the formation of a thrombus (a blood clot that obstructs a blood vessel)].

The use of a Foley catheter for incontinence can create a urinary tract infection and septic shock.

iatrogenic
1. A feeling that is induced by a physician; effect of a physician’s words or actions upon a patient.
2. Denoting response to medical or surgical treatment, induced by the treatment itself; usually used for unfavorable responses.
3. Originally applied to disorders induced in the patient by autosuggestion based on the physician’s examination, manner, or discussion.

The term is now applied to any adverse condition in a patient occurring as the result of treatment by a physician or surgeon; especially, to infections acquired by the patient during the course of treatment.

4. Created as a result of medical treatment; such as, certain antibiotic-resistant microorganisms.
5. A reference to a medical problem caused by a doctor's diagnosis or treatment.
6. Caused inadvertently by medical treatment; such as, an infection, a complication, etc.
iatrogenic prematurity
The delivery of an infant earlier than expected because of an inaccurate estimate of the gestational age which was given by a physician.
iatrogeny
Production or inducement of any harmful change in the somatic or psychic condition of a patient by means of the words or actions of a doctor.

The physician may tell the patient that he has an enlarged heart, for example, or low blood pressure, or a glandular disturbance, and such information may provide a central point around which the patient builds a neurosis or psychosis.

iatrolog
A medical word.
iatrology
1. The study of medicine.
2. A rarely used term for medical science.
3. The science of, or a treatise on, medicine.
iatromathematical, iatromathematics
1. Practicing medicine in conjunction with astrology.
2. Relating to or holding a mathematical theory of medicine; applied to a school of physicians that arose in Italy in the 17th century, whose system of physiology and medicine was founded on the principles of mathematics and mechanics.
iatromathematician
One who belongs to the iatromathematical school.
iatromechanical
The same thing as iatrophysics or a 17th-century school of medicine that attempted to explain life and physiological processes using the knowledge of physics (the science of nature, or of natural objects) which was known at that time.
iatromelia
An ineffective or negligent medical treatment.
iatromisia (igh AT roh MIS ee uh) (s) (noun), iatromisias (pl)
1. An intense aversion for the medical profession or for medical doctors: Jane was suffering from iatromisia; so, she always became very tense and anxious just with the thought of going to any doctor; and, although she didn't go very often, when it was absolutely necessary, she always asked her best friend to go with her.

One fear or iatromisia about going to see doctors is because patients associate them with illnesses or injuries and so they are afraid of getting germs or diseases from them or other patients who are in the waiting room.
2. Etymology: from Greek iatro-, "physician, medicine" + Greek misos, "hatred"; from miseo, "I hate".

iatronym
A medical term or medical nomenclature.
iatrophilia
A fondness for, or an excessive fondness for, a physician or for physicians in general.

Related "health" word families and articles: Health: Index; Hygeia > hygiene > health; salu-; sana-, sani-.


Quiz You may take a self-scoring quiz over some of the words in this unit by just clicking on this Iatro Quiz to check your word knowledge and to learn more about these words.