(Latin: a suffix; a person who, a place where, a thing which, or pertaining to; connected with; having the character of; apparatus)
The following examples of this suffix represent a very small number of those that exist in other parts of this lexicon.
The axillary section of the subclavian (under the collarbone) artery that distributes blood to the axilla, chest, shoulder, and upper extremities.
2. Pertaining to bacilli or to rod-like structures.
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2. Designating or of a number system in which the base used is two, each number being expressed in powers of two by using only two digits; specifically, "0" and "1".
3. Designating or of a musical form consisting of two main sections.
4. In chemistry, composed of two elements or radicals, or of one element and one radical [binary compounds].
2. In the Roman Catholic Church, the book containing the "Divine Office" for each day, which those who are in orders are bound to recite.
2. Slang: a woman singer; an informer; a stool pigeon.
3. A sweet white wine from the Canary Islands, similar to Madeira.
4. A light to moderate or vivid yellow.
5. Etymology: from about 1584, of the wine; and from about 1655, referring to the songbirds (short for Canary-bird, 1576), from French canarie, from Spanish canario, from Latin Insula Canaria, "Canary Island"; the largest of the Fortunate Isles. Literally, "island of dogs", (canis, genitive canarius, "a reference to dogs") since large dogs lived there. The name of the little bird resulted from the name of the island. The name was extended to the whole island group (Canariæ Insulæ) by the time of Arnobius (c.300).
More details about the Canary Islands
A few years after the death of Julius Caesar, or about 40 B.C., the chieftain of an extensive region in northwest Africa, then called Mauritania, set out upon a sea journey of exploration.
On clear days, about sixty miles off the coast of the southern stretches of his country, the peaks of small islands could be seen. Juba II (c.50 B.C-A.D. 24), the Mauritanian chieftain (king of Numidia and Mauretania), determined to explore those islands. An account of his explorations was preserved by Pliny the Elder (A.D. 23-79) who wrote about Juba's account of his expeditions to a group of islands off the northwest coast of Africa.
The islands are believed to have been known long before this time, however, for somewhere to the west of the "Pillars of Hercules"; by which ancient mariners meant what we now call the Strait of Gibraltar, lay the mythological "Fortunate Islands", or "Isles of the Blest".
According to Greek legend, this was the abode of such mortals as had been saved from death by the gods. The climate was idyllic and food was abundant. These are thought to have been the same islands seen and explored by Juba. One of the islands, Juba found, had its peaks; which were above eleven thousand feet in elevation, covered with snow.
To this "dog island", he gave the Latin name, Nivaria, or "The Snowy Island". The impressive feature of another of the larger islands was the multitude of large dogs which roamed there. For that reason, he named it Canaria, or "The Island of Dogs", from canis, "dog".
Although neither Juba nor Pliny was aware of it, the dogs that gave the islands their names were probably not indigenous, but brought by earlier invaders from Africa.
The name Canaria was used by later explorers and colonists; becoming Canary in English, and it was the name by which the entire archipelago became known.
Spain took possession of the islands in the fifteenth century, but it was another hundred years before the most widely known of the products of the islands, the yellow-colored songbird, was domesticated and carried to all parts of Europe.
We call the bird a canary; the dogs from which the name originated have long been extinct; and so we now know that the yellow domestic canary is a descendant of the wild greenish birds of the "dog islands".
2. Of the nature of, or conveying, a caution or admonition; warning, admonitory.
2. The more mobile part of a modern army, using armored vehicles and helicopters.
3. Combat troops mounted originally on horses but now often in motorized armored vehicles for greater mobility.
Sometimes cavalry is misspelled as calvary which refers not to horses but to the name of the mount (or hill) just outside the city walls of ancient Jerusalem where the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ took place, according to the Bible; from Latin calvaria, "skull", from Greek golgotha, translating Aramaic gulgulta, "place of the skull".