algesi-, alge-, alges-, algesio-, algi-, algio-, -algesia, -algesic, -algetic, -algic, -algia, -algy

(Greek: pain, sense of pain; painful; hurting)

Used actively in medical terminology to denote a condition of sensitivity to pain as specified by the combining root.

arthralgia, arthrodynia (s) (noun); arthralgias, arthrodynias (pl)
Severe pain between bone structures; especially, one that is not inflammatory in character: The crushed toe on his left foot resulted in Pearson experiencing arthralgia, a considerable pain which was not caused by a disease.
audioanalgesia
Use of music or sound delivered through earphones to mask pain during dental or surgical procedures.
barodontalgia
Toothache associated with the reduction in atmospheric pressure in high-altitude flying. Also: aerodontalgia.
brachialgia
Pain in the arm or arms.
cardialgia
1. An uneasy or painful sensation in the anterior (front) chest or upper abdomen; heartburn; cardiodynia.
2. An obsolete term for pyrosis.
3. Pain in the chest in the region of the heart.
caudal anesthesia, caudal epidural anesthesia, caudal block (s) (noun); caudal anesthesias, caudal epidural anesthesias, caudal blocks (pl)
Anesthesia produced by injection of a local anesthetic into the caudal canal (toward the caudal or tail), the sacral portion (large heavy bone at the base of the spine) of the spinal canal: Caudal anesthesia is used to provide anesthesia and analgesia (pain relief) below the umbilicus.

Caudal anesthesia may be the sole anesthetic or it can be combined with a general anesthesia.

For her knee operation, Dr. Smith, the anesthesiologist, administered a caudal anesthesia so Pearl was awake during the operation but she didn't feel any pain.

causalgia
1. Persistent severe burning sensations, usually following partial injury of a peripheral nerve (especially median and tibial) or the brachial plexus, accompanied by trophic changes.
2. Sensation of burning pain in the distribution of a peripheral nerve, associated with glossy skin devoid of hair or wrinkles.

Other associated changes include swelling, redness, sweating, and curling of the nails. Causalgia is usually due to irritation of a nerve by injury; the median or sciatic nerves are most commonly involved.

celialgia, coelialgia
Pain in the stomach or the abdominal cavity.
celiomyalgia
Rarely used term for pain in the abdominal muscles.
cephalalgia
A headache.
cerebralgia
A headache.
cervicalgia
Pain in the neck.
cervicobrachialgia
1. Pain in the neck and the arm.
2. A neuralgia in which pain extends from the cervical region to the arms or fingers.
cheilalgia, chilalgia
A pain in the lip.
cheiralgia, chiralgia
1. Non-traumatic or neuralgic pain in the hand.
2. Gout affecting the hand and fingers.

Cheiralgia paresthetica refers to compression neuropathy of the superficial branch of the radial nerve, marked by pain and paresthesae when pressure is applied over the course of the nerve.

Paresthesa (paresthesiae, plural) indicates any sensation, such as pins and needles, burning, sticking of sharp objects, etc., which occurs spontaneously without external causes in certain diseases of the central or perpheral nervous system.


You may take self-scoring quizzes over some of the words in this unit by going to Algesi Quiz to check your word knowledge of these words.