phon-, phono-, -phone, -phonia, -phonic, -phonetic, -phonous, -phonically, -phonetically, -phony +
(Greek: sound, voice, speech, tone)
This phono-, phon- should not be confused with another phono-, phon- that means "slaughter, murder, homicide". In Greek, a distinction is made between the phonos (PHOH nohs), "murder", which is spelled with the Greek letter omicron in the last syllable; and the Greek phonos (phoh NOHS), "voice", which is spelled with the letter omega in the last syllable. Both omicron and omega became the letter "o" in English.
2. The smallest sound unit which, in terms of phonetic sequences of sound, controls meaning.
3. The basic phonologic unit of a spoken language, identified in terms of a particular vowel or consonant.
4. An auditory hallucination of voices and spoken words.
A phonestheme is a sound, sound cluster, or sound type that is directly associated with meanings.
An example of the phonaestheme "gl-" occurs in a large number of words relating to light or vision; such as, glint, glow, glitter, glisten, gleam, glare, glimmer, glaze, glower, moonglade (moonlight on water), etc.
Additional examples of phonesthemes in English, include "sn-", which is related to the mouth or nose; such as, in snarl, snout, snicker, snack, etc., and "sl-", which may be seen in words denoting frictionless motion; such as, slide, slick, sled, etc.
"Phonesthetic" sound symbolism involves the use of sound symbolic elements called phonesthemes.
2. Of or relating to the science of phonetics.
5. Constituting those characters in some ancient writings (as Egyptian) that represent speech sounds as distinguished from such as are ideographic or pictorial
6. Representing speech sounds by means of symbols that have one value only as in this phonetic system, g always has the value of g in go, never of gin and gem.
7. Employing for speech sounds more than the minimum number of symbols necessary to represent the significant differences in a speaker’s speech; contrasted with phonemic.