phon-, phono-, -phone, -phonia, -phonic, -phonetic, -phonous, -phonically, -phonetically, -phony +

(Greek: sound, voice, speech, tone)

This phono-, phon- should not be confused with another phono-, phon- that means "slaughter, murder, homicide". In Greek, a distinction is made between the phonos (PHOH nohs), "murder", which is spelled with the Greek letter omicron in the last syllable; and the Greek phonos (phoh NOHS), "voice", which is spelled with the letter omega in the last syllable. Both omicron and omega became the letter "o" in English.

phoneme
1. The smallest unit of speech that distinguishes one utterance from another in all of the variations that it displays in the speech of a single person or particular dialect as the result of modifying influences (as neighboring sounds and stress).
2. The smallest sound unit which, in terms of phonetic sequences of sound, controls meaning.
3. The basic phonologic unit of a spoken language, identified in terms of a particular vowel or consonant.
4. An auditory hallucination of voices and spoken words.
phonemic
Relating to the analysis of speech by phoneme identification.
phonemics
A branch of linguistics dealing with the study of the phonemes of a language.
phonendoscope
A stethoscope for intensifying auscultatory sounds by means of a chest piece consisting of a shallow metal cup closed by a diaphragm; also, auscultoscope.
phonendoskiascope
A phonendoscope combined with a screen on which movements of the heart or lungs can be observed during auscultation.
phonesis
The utterance of vocal sounds; phonation.
phonestheme, phonaestheme (s) (noun), phonesthemes, phonaesthemes (pl)
The common feature of sounds occurring in a group of symbolic words or words of similar meanings: Laura, the poet laureate for the city, was well-known for her use of phonesthemes in her writing.

A phonestheme is a sound, sound cluster, or sound type that is directly associated with meanings.

An example of the phonaestheme "gl-" occurs in a large number of words relating to light or vision; such as, glint, glow, glitter, glisten, gleam, glare, glimmer, glaze, glower, moonglade (moonlight on water), etc.

Additional examples of phonesthemes in English, include "sn-", which is related to the mouth or nose; such as, in snarl, snout, snicker, snack, etc., and "sl-", which may be seen in words denoting frictionless motion; such as, slide, slick, sled, etc.

"Phonesthetic" sound symbolism involves the use of sound symbolic elements called phonesthemes.

phonetic
1. Of or relating to spoken language or speech sounds; such as, phonetic developments in English since Chaucer’s time; and phonetic differences between ancient and modern Greek.
2. Of or relating to the science of phonetics. 4. Constituting an alteration of the ordinary orthographic spelling that better represents its value in the spoken language, which employs only characters of the regular alphabet, and that is used in a context of conventionally spelled orthographies; for example, thru and nite are fairly common phonetic spellings.
5. Constituting those characters in some ancient writings (as Egyptian) that represent speech sounds as distinguished from such as are ideographic or pictorial
6. Representing speech sounds by means of symbols that have one value only as in this phonetic system, g always has the value of g in go, never of gin and gem.
7. Employing for speech sounds more than the minimum number of symbols necessary to represent the significant differences in a speaker’s speech; contrasted with phonemic.
phonetic alphabet
A set of symbols, each representing a distinct speech sound.
phonetic index
An index of words grouped by sound instead of by spelling.
phonetically
In a phonetic manner; in a phonetic sense, or from a phonetic point of view.
phonetician
A specialist in phonetics.
phoneticism
The state or quality of being phonetic; phonetic representation.
phoneticist
A phonetist.
phoneticize, phoneticization
To make phonetic; to spell phonetically.
Cross references of word families related directly, or indirectly, to: "talk, speak, speech; words, language; tongue, etc.": cit-; clam-; dic-; fa-; -farious; glosso-; glotto-; lalo-; linguo-; locu-; logo-; loqu-; mythico-; -ology; ora-; -phasia; -phemia; phras-; Quotes: Language,Part 1; Quotes: Language, Part 2; Quotes: Language, Part 3; serm-; tongue; voc-.