psych-, psycho-, -psyche, -psychic, -psychical, -psychically

(Greek: mind, spirit, consciousness; mental processes; the human soul; breath of life; literally, "that which breathes" or "breathing")

A prefix that is normally used with elements of Greek origin, psych- affects the meanings of hundreds of words.

Etymologically, this element includes such meanings as, breath, to breathe, life, soul, spirit, mind, consciousness.

The science dealing with mental processes, both normal and abnormal, and their effects upon behavior.

There are two main approaches to the study: introspective, looking inward or self-examination of one's own mental processes; and objective studying of the minds of others.

A reference to a drug; such as, LSD that can disturb or disrupt certain emotional reactions that have become fixed in the unconscious or can block normal channels of response, primarily in psycholytic therapy which is a kind of therapy that combines controlled use of low dosages of such drugs with psychotherapeutic instruction for the patient and subsequent discussions.
psychomachy (s) (noun), psychomachies (pl)
A conflict between the body and the soul.
1. Divination by means of spirits.
2. Divination by interpreting the soul of a person, his/her values, beliefs, and morals.
3. Soul searching or occult communication between souls or spirits.
1. Someone who is specially trained to administer mental tests, the results of which are integrated with other kinds of personal data, about health or sensory deficiencies, for example, to assist decision-making concerning the individual as a whole; as in psychiatric diagnosis, school placement, and appropriateness for vocational or military training.
2. A person skilled in the application of statistical analysis of previously gathered psychological data.
That branch of psychology centering on the study of various mental measurements, making use of psychological tests designed to reflect differences among individuals on one or more of the several dimensions of mental ability; such as, intelligence, aptitudes, interests, manual abilities, special abilities, or disabilities.

It includes the devising or standardization of various tests and the development or application of statistical techniques that are particularly appropriate for the analysis of mental test data.

1. The measurement of psychological variables; such as, intelligence, aptitude, behavior, and emotional reactions.
2. The discipline pertaining to psychological and mental testing, and to any quantitative analysis of an individual's psychological traits or attitudes or mental processes.
Physical movement that reflects or shows evidence of mental activity.
1. Concerning or causing physical activity associated with mental processes.
2. Relating to the psychological processes associated with muscular movement, and to the production of voluntary movements.
3. Relating to the combination of psychic and motor events, including disturbances.
The study of the relationships that exist among the central nervous system, autonomic nervous system, endocrine system, and immune system.
psychoneurosis (s), psychoneuroses (pl)
Emotional maladaptation due to unresolved unconscious conflicts. This leads to disturbances in thoughts, feelings, attitudes, and behaviors. There is little, if any, loss of contact with reality, but the patient's effectiveness in performing usual responsiveness is handicapped.

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1. A reference to a functional disorder of mental origin.
2. A person suffering from a psychoneurosis.
psychonomic, psychonomics
A reference to the relations between mental experiences and specific aspects of physical and social environments.
1. The study of the relationship of the mind to the individual's internal and external environment.
2. The branch of psychology concerned with the laws of behavior or mental action.

Inter-related cross references, directly or indirectly, involving the "mind, mental" word units: anima-; anxi-; deliri-; hallucina-; menti-; moro-; noo-; nous; phreno-; thymo-2.

Word units related to breath and breathe: hal-; pneo-; pneumato-; pneumo-; spiro.