path-, patho-, -path-, -pathia, -pathic, -pathology, -pathetic, -pathize, -pathy

(Greek: feeling, sensation, perception; suffering, disease, or disorder; a system of treating diseases)

In medicine, some of these elements usually mean "someone who suffers from a disease of, or one who treats a disease"; so, they should not be confused with the words that mean "feeling" which are also shown on these pages even though both meanings come from the same Greek element.

egopathy (s) (noun), egopathies (pl)
A hostile behavior due to a psychopathically exaggerated sense of self-importance. Patients who are experiencing egopathy are characterized by a strong psychological condition that compels them to deprecate others in their constant aggressive and unconceding attitudes.

Obviously egopathy was rampant at Ted's job because a supervisor was firing people for no good reason or justification.

Deficiency of elastic tissue.
1. Determination of the electrical reaction of muscles and nerves as a means of medical diagnosis.
2. The study of pathological conditions with the aid of an electric current used in measuring physical responses.
1. The study of diseases as related to electrical reactions.
2. The treatment of illness with electricity.
A swelling of the joints, possibly due to a fatty deposit following a contusion (an injury of a part without a break in the skin; a bruise).
The study of abnormal embryos or of defective development of fetuses.
A morbid condition in the embryo or fetus. Also fetopathy.
A disorder of the process of menstruation.
empathetic (em" puh THET ik)
1. Anyone who uses intellectual identification with, or the vicarious experiencing of, the feelings, thoughts, or attitudes of another person.
2. Someone who has an imaginative response to an object; such as, a natural object or a work of art; or who shows feelings or attitudes which are present in oneself.
empathize (verb), empathizes; empathized; empathizing
To understand another person's situations, feelings, and difficulties: When Elizabeth could not complete her assignment on time at work, her co-workers empathized with her and helped her get it done as expected by her supervisor.
empathy (EM puh thee) (s) (noun), empathies (pl)
1. An identification with and an understanding of another person's feelings, situation, or motives: Ursula's work with the street people gave her considerably more empathy for the homeless than she had ever had before.
2. Etymology: from Greek empátheia, "passion"; from em-, "in" + páthos, "feeling".

Empathy was apparently borrowed in 1904 from Greek empátheia, "passion"; ; from em-, "in" + páthos, "feeling". It was a translation of the German Einfühlung (ein; in + Fühlung, feeling), a word which was introduced in 1903 by the German philosopher and psychologist, Theodore Lipps, who originated the theory of aesthetic empathy, "the art of appreciation depends on the viewer's ability to project his personality into the object".

—Based on information from
The Barnhart Dictionary of Etymology, edited by Robert K. Barnhart.
To sense and to participate in another person's feelings and thoughts.
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True empathy is when another person strikes it rich and you feel as if it’s money in YOUR pocket.

An opposite passion or affection.
1. A disease or disorder of the brain; a brain disease.
2. A disease of the brain; especially, one involving alterations of brain structure.
3. A reference to the involvement of large parts of the brain (or the whole organ), instead of identifiable changes confined just to parts of the brain.

Pointing to a page about anxieties and depressions Learn how anxieties and depressions affect the brain.

Quiz You can find self-scoring quizzes over many of the words in this subject area by going to this Vocabulary Quizzes page.