path-, patho-, -path-, -pathia, -pathic, -pathology, -pathetic, -pathize, -pathy

(Greek: feeling, sensation, perception; suffering, disease, or disorder; a system of treating diseases)

In medicine, some of these elements usually mean "someone who suffers from a disease of, or one who treats a disease"; so, they should not be confused with the words that mean "feeling" which are also shown on these pages even though both meanings come from the same Greek element.

acroleukopathy (s) (noun), acroleukopathies (pl)
A hereditary disorder of white patches or lack of typical skin pigmentation on the extremities (fingers, toes, etc.: From childhood on, Helen was quite self-conscious of the acroleukopathy on her arms so she always wore long sleeves to cover them so people wouldn't stare at her.
acropathology (s) (noun), acropathologies (pl)
The study of diseases that affect the extremities, such as the hands, fingers, feet, and toes: Because hands and fingers are so frequently used and are susceptible to injury, including cuts, burns, bites, fractures, and even tendon injuries, the research dealing with acropathology is quite important in finding cures for such ailments.

Acropathology also involves the feet and toes. Such ailments are athlete's foot, a fungal infection that primarily affects the skin between the toes and causes itchiness, sores, and cracked skin, and affects ingrown toenails of the big toes resulting in inflammation of the surrounding tissue.

acropathy (s) (noun), acropathies (pl)
A condition specifically affecting the extremities: Characteristics of acropathy include the thickening and widening of the nail beds of the fingers or toes causing the nails to be abnormally curved and shiny.
adenopathy (s) (noun), adenopathies (pl)
A swelling or morbid enlargement of the glands: An adenopathy can be any kind of glandular ailment, but especially applies to a puffiness and inflammation of the lymph nodes.
adrenalopathy (s) (noun), adrenalopathies (pl)
Any diseased or abnormal condition of the adrenal glands: Adrenalopathy includes the glands that are situated above each kidney, secreting hormones which control the heart rate, blood pressure, and metabolism (all the chemical processes that take place in the body).
adrenopathy (s) (noun), adrenopathies (pl)
Any diseased or ailing condition of the adrenal glands; adrenolopathy: When Doug went to see Dr. Snail for his yearly health examination, he was informed that he had a slight case of adrenopathy, which was a disorder of the suprarenal glands.
aeropathy (s) (noun), aeropathies (pl)
Any morbid state induced by a pronounced change in atmospheric pressure: Altitude sickness, mountain sickness, or decompression sickness are examples of aeropathy.
alcohol fetopathy (s) (noun), alcohol fetopathies (pl)
A pattern of permanent and often devastating birth-defect syndromes caused by maternal consumption of alcohol during pregnancy; fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: The main effect of alcohol fetalpathy is brain damage which can be caused during any trimester, because the fetus's brain continues to develop throughout the entire pregnancy.

The brain damage that is a result of alcohol fetopathy is often accompanied by, and reflected in, distinctive facial stigmata or characteristics which are indicative of a disease or abnormalities.

allelopathic (adjective), more allelopathic, most allelopathic
allelopathically (adverb), more allelopathically, most allelopathically
allelopathy (s) (noun), allelopathies (pl)
The release into the environment by one plant of a substance that inhibits the germination or growth of other potential competitor plants of the same or another species.
allopathist (s) (noun), allopathists (pl)
Someone who practices substitutive therapy or a therapeutic system in which a disease is treated by producing a second condition that is incompatible with or antagonistic to the first (homeopathy).
allopathy (s) (noun), allopathies (pl)
1. Substitutive therapy or a therapeutic system in which a disease is treated by producing a second condition that is incompatible with or antagonistic to the first (homeopathy).
2. A method of treating a disease by introducing a condition that is intended to cause a pathologic reaction which will be antagonistic to the condition being treated.
3. A system of medicine in which disease is treated by producing effects opposed to or incompatible with the effects of the disease process.
4. A method of treating disease with remedies that produce effects different from those caused by the disease itself.
5. The system of medical practice which treats disease by the use of remedies which produce effects different from those produced by the disease under treatment. Medical doctors are said to practice allopathic medicine.

The term "allopathy" was coined in 1842 by C.F.S. Hahnemann to designate the usual, or normal, practice of medicine (allopathy) as opposed to homeopathy, the system of therapy that he founded based on the concept that disease can be treated with drugs (in minute doses) and so produce the same symptoms in healthy people as the disease itself.

amygdalopathy (s) (noun), amygdalopathies (pl)
Any disease of a tonsil or tonsils.
anatomic pathology (s) (noun), anatomic pathologies (pl)
1. A medical specialty that is concerned with the diagnosis of diseases that are based on the normally visible, microscopic, and molecular examination of organs, tissues, and whole bodies: An anatomic pathology is an autopsy that is done after a person's death.
2. The anatomical study of changes in the function, structure, or appearance of organs, or tissues, including postmortem examinations and the study of biopsy specimens.

Quiz You can find self-scoring quizzes over many of the words in this subject area by going to this Vocabulary Quizzes page.