philo-, phil-, -phile, -philia, -philic, -philous, -phily, -philiac, -philist, -philism
(Greek: love, loving, friendly to, fondness for, attraction to; strong tendency toward, affinity for)
These are just a few of the meanings set up for the etymological meanings of philo- which comes to us from Greek.
In biology, there are many words that use philo-, phil- to mean "thriving in such and such a place or situation; or exhibiting a tendency for a specified condition" for its existence.
Other meanings include: "strongly attracted to; such as, an organism that loves or is strongly attracted to something which is specified".
In psychology and psychiatry, -phile, -philia, etc. use this element as a word termination indicating an abnormal craving or attraction to or an affinity for an object as shown by the word stems to which they are affixed.
There are about eighty heliconia species in the New World tropics. With their paddle-shaped leaves and bright zigzaggy bracts, these members of the banana family erupt wherever sunlight taps the forest floor, providing food, drink and shelter to an astonishing cast of characters. For a slice of rain-forest life, there is no better place to look.
Because of their sun-loving, patchy distribution, heliconias have a problem connecting with others of their species. To fertilize one another, the plants need a pollinator that not only covers a lot of territory but is discriminating as well. Hummingbirds are nature’s specialists for this particular purpose.
Most heliconias have long tubular, curved flowers that only a hummingbird bill can negotiate. As they probe the base of a flower, hummingbirds find a treasure of nectar just for them. These energetic little birds drink up to eight times their own body weight each day, and heliconias produce a generous supply of nectar so they will keep coming back for more; pollinating as they go from one heliconia to another.
2. Living on or frequenting flowers; such as, an insect (bees, etc.).
2. Pertaining to thriving in a human environment or preferring humans as hosts for nourishment; especially, with reference to parasites that show specificity for humans as opposed to other species, or of any flora or fauna that benefits from human activities.
2. A reference to biting or blood-sucking insects that feed on humans.