philo-, phil-, -phile, -philia, -philic, -philous, -phily, -philiac, -philist, -philism

(Greek: love, loving, friendly to, fondness for, attraction to; strong tendency toward, affinity for)

These are just a few of the meanings set up for the etymological meanings of philo- which comes to us from Greek.

In biology, there are many words that use philo-, phil- to mean "thriving in such and such a place or situation; or exhibiting a tendency for a specified condition" for its existence.

Other meanings include: "strongly attracted to; such as, an organism that loves or is strongly attracted to something which is specified".

In psychology and psychiatry, -phile, -philia, etc. use this element as a word termination indicating an abnormal craving or attraction to or an affinity for an object as shown by the word stems to which they are affixed.

anheliophile
Any creature which thrives in diffuse sunlight.
anheliophilous
Thriving in diffuse sunlight; for example, heliconias [a combination of helio-, “sun” and conio-, “dust”].

There are about eighty heliconia species in the New World tropics. With their paddle-shaped leaves and bright zigzaggy bracts, these members of the banana family erupt wherever sunlight taps the forest floor, providing food, drink and shelter to an astonishing cast of characters. For a slice of rain-forest life, there is no better place to look.

Because of their sun-loving, patchy distribution, heliconias have a problem connecting with others of their species. To fertilize one another, the plants need a pollinator that not only covers a lot of territory but is discriminating as well. Hummingbirds are nature’s specialists for this particular purpose.

Most heliconias have long tubular, curved flowers that only a hummingbird bill can negotiate. As they probe the base of a flower, hummingbirds find a treasure of nectar just for them. These energetic little birds drink up to eight times their own body weight each day, and heliconias produce a generous supply of nectar so they will keep coming back for more; pollinating as they go from one heliconia to another.

—Adapted from an article, “Life on Plant Heliconia”
by Donna Johnson in International Wildlife, March-April, 1995.

anheliophily
The process of thriving in diffuse sunlight.
anthophile
anthophilous
1. Attracted to, or feeding on, flowers.
2. Living on or frequenting flowers; such as, an insect (bees, etc.).
anthophily
anthropophile (s) (noun), anthropophiles (pl)
A human-seeking, or selecting, parasite that prefers humans more than other animals as a source of blood for meals.
anthropophilic (adjective), more anthropophilic, most anthropophilic
1. A reference to human-seeking or human-preference; especially, when considering bloodsucking arthropods that have a preference for the human host as a source of blood or tissues over those of animal hosts; and dermatophytic fungi which grow preferentially on humans rather than other animals.
2. Pertaining to thriving in a human environment or preferring humans as hosts for nourishment; especially, with reference to parasites that show specificity for humans as opposed to other species, or of any flora or fauna that benefits from human activities.
anthropophilous (adjective), more anthropophilous, most anthropophilous
1. Relating to thriving in close proximity to mankind.
2. A reference to biting or blood-sucking insects that feed on humans.
anthropophily
anthropozoophilic (adjective), more anthropozoophilic, most anthropozoophilic
A reference to being attracted more or less equally to humans and to some other kinds of animal hosts; said, for example, of certain kinds of mosquitoes.
aphilopony
An aversion, or lack of desire, to work. Considered obsolete.
apodysophilia (s) (noun), apodysophilias (pl)
An abnormal eagerness to disrobe or to undress: "At the Academy Awards ceremony many years ago, a man who might have had a form of apodysophilia, streaked across the stage behind the Master of Ceremonies, causing shock and amazement, which disrupted the program for awhile."
apopurophile
apopurophilist
A collector of fire marks.
Quiz button #1 You may take a self-scoring quiz over some of the words in this section by just clicking this Philo Quiz #1 link.

Related "love, fondness" units: agape-; amat-; vener-; venus.