philo-, phil-, -phile, -philia, -philic, -philous, -phily, -philiac, -philist, -philism

(Greek: love, loving, friendly to, fondness for, attraction to; strong tendency toward, affinity for)

These are just a few of the meanings set up for the etymological meanings of philo- which comes to us from Greek.

In biology, there are many words that use philo-, phil- to mean "thriving in such and such a place or situation; or exhibiting a tendency for a specified condition" for its existence.

Other meanings include: "strongly attracted to; such as, an organism that loves or is strongly attracted to something which is specified".

In psychology and psychiatry, -phile, -philia, etc. use this element as a word termination indicating an abnormal craving or attraction to or an affinity for an object as shown by the word stems to which they are affixed.

In biology, thriving in the strandline of a sandy seashore.
Describing organisms that live or thrive in sandy soil.
1. Thriving best in sandy soil.
2. Frequenting or growing in sandy soil, as an insect or a plant.
In biology, thriving in prairie or savannah habitats.
In biology, pollinated by diurnal Lepidoptera [butterflies and moths].
1. An organism that grows best at a low temperature (0 to 32 degrees C; 32 to 86 degrees F), with optimum growth occurring at 15 to 20 degrees C (59 to 68 degrees F).
2. An organism that lives or thrives at low temperatures.
1. In biology, thriving at low temperatures.
2. An organism that grows best at a low temperature of 0 to 15 degrees Celsius [32 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit], with optimum growth occurring at 15 to 20 degrees Celsius [60 to 68 degrees Fahrenheit].

Used especially in reference to certain bacteria.

Quiz button #1 You may take a self-scoring quiz over some of the words in this section by just clicking this Philo Quiz #1 link.

Related "love, fondness" units: agape-; amat-; vener-; venus.