philo-, phil-, -phile, -philia, -philic, -philous, -phily, -philiac, -philist, -philism

(Greek: love, loving, friendly to, fondness for, attraction to; strong tendency toward, affinity for)

These are just a few of the meanings set up for the etymological meanings of philo- which comes to us from Greek.

In biology, there are many words that use philo-, phil- to mean "thriving in such and such a place or situation; or exhibiting a tendency for a specified condition" for its existence.

Other meanings include: "strongly attracted to; such as, an organism that loves or is strongly attracted to something which is specified".

In psychology and psychiatry, -phile, -philia, etc. use this element as a word termination indicating an abnormal craving or attraction to or an affinity for an object as shown by the word stems to which they are affixed.

A collector of cotton reels.
planktophilous (adjective) (not comparable)
In biology, regarding living or thriving in plankton.
pluviophile (s) (noun), pluviophiles (pl)
1. Anyone or anything that has a fondness for or a desire for rain: There are many plants that are pluviophiles because they need an abundance of rain in order to survive and to reproduce.
2. Etymology: literally, "a love or fondness for rain" from pluvio-, "rain" + phile, "fondness, love".
pluviophilous (adjective), more pluviophilous, most pluviophilous
In biology, relating to creatures and plants that can thrive where large amounts of rainfall exist: The Amazon River is in a region with pluviophilous rain forests, where plants grow in hot, humid, and very wet weather conditions.

More pluviophilous species of plants and animals live in the tropical rain forest than in all of the rest of the biomes (living areas) of the world put together.

—Compiled from excerpts in
Biology of Plants by Peter H. Raven and Helena Curtis;
Worth Publishers, Inc.; New York; 1970; page 558.
pluviophily (s) (noun), pluviophilies (pl)
A condition that makes it possible for plants and certain animals to continue living with large amounts of rain: In order to provide enough moisture for certain plants, a pluviophily had to be constructed inside the arboretum at the botanical gardens.
pogonophile (s) (noun), pogonophiles (pl)
Someone who is fond of or who loves beards.
In biology, thriving in urban habitats.
polyhalophile (s) (noun), polyhalophiles (pl)
An organism that thrives in a wide range of salinities: While at the seaside one summer, Judy learned that there are many polyhalophiles that spend their lives in the ocean.
Referring to the thriving in a wide range of salinities (something that is salty or has the characteristics of salt).
polyphiloprogenitive (adjective), more polyphiloprogenitive, most polyphiloprogenitive
Relating to being excessively prolific or very productive.
Quiz button #1 You may take a self-scoring quiz over some of the words in this section by just clicking this Philo Quiz #1 link.

Related "love, fondness" units: agape-; amat-; vener-; venus.