philo-, phil-, -phile, -philia, -philic, -philous, -phily, -philiac, -philist, -philism

(Greek: love, loving, friendly to, fondness for, attraction to; strong tendency toward, affinity for)

These are just a few of the meanings set up for the etymological meanings of philo- which comes to us from Greek.

In biology, there are many words that use philo-, phil- to mean "thriving in such and such a place or situation; or exhibiting a tendency for a specified condition" for its existence.

Other meanings include: "strongly attracted to; such as, an organism that loves or is strongly attracted to something which is specified".

In psychology and psychiatry, -phile, -philia, etc. use this element as a word termination indicating an abnormal craving or attraction to or an affinity for an object as shown by the word stems to which they are affixed.

philopatridomania (s) (noun), philopatridomanias (pl)
1. An irresistible urge to stay home; homesickness.
2. A compulsion to return to one’s native land, as seen in prisoners of war.
philopatry (s) (noun) (no plural)
1. A tendency to remain in a native locality.
2. Species or groups that show little capacity to spread out or to scatter abroad.
3. The inclination of an organism to stay in, or return to, its home area.
philophaster
1. A shallow philosophical dabbler or poseur (one who assumes an attitude, character, or manner to impress others); a pseudothinker.
2. An amateur or superficial and incompetent philosopher.
3. Someone who pretends to know more than he/she really knows in order to impress others.
philophilist
A collector of words for collectors (coined by Paul Dickson).
philophobia (s) (noun) (no plural)
The avoidance of falling in love or of being loved: Ron developed philophobia after being hurt by a close girlfriend when he cherished her and felt such a strong passion for her.
philophronesis
Resorting to gentle speech or humble submission in order to mitigate, to calm, or to mollify anger.
philoplutary (s) (noun), philoplutaries (pl)
A fondness for or a special love for wealth: "In one of Dickens' stories, the main character was greatly engrossed in philoplutary and often ignored his relatives."
philopolemic
philopolemicist (s) (noun), philopolemicists (pl)
A person who loves to argue or who is particularly fond of controversy.
philoponous
philopony
Industrious; a fondness for work and putting forth an effort to achieve objectives; a strong work ethic.
philoprogenitive (adjective), more philoprogenitive, most philoprogenitive
1. Pertaining to being procreative, producing offspring; prolific: Judy’s philoprogenitive cat gives birth to litters of kittens every year.
2. Related to loving one's own offspring or all children in general: Sally didn't have any children of her own; however, as a philoprogenitive aunt, she had her sister's children in her home as often as possible after school was over in the afternoon.
A tendency to produce and to love children.
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philorchidaceous
philoSemitism
A fondness for or attraction to ideas, cultural qualities, etc. that originate with Jews, pro-Jewish; the opposite of antiSemitism.
philosophaster (s) (noun), philosophasters (pl)
A person who pretends to know more about something than he or she actually knows as a way of impressing or manipulating others: A philosophaster is a Latin satirical comedy by Robert Burton; so, since the play is about someone who pretends to be a philosopher, the term itself has been used in more recent times to refer to a pretender who supposedly has knowledge about philosophy.

A philosophaster usually claims to have extensive learning about a subject, but that individual actually has only a superficial understanding of the topic.

Quiz button #1 You may take a self-scoring quiz over some of the words in this section by just clicking this Philo Quiz #1 link.

Related "love, fondness" units: agape-; amat-; vener-; venus.