philo-, phil-, -phile, -philia, -philic, -philous, -phily, -philiac, -philist, -philism

(Greek: love, loving, friendly to, fondness for, attraction to; strong tendency toward, affinity for)

These are just a few of the meanings set up for the etymological meanings of philo- which comes to us from Greek.

In biology, there are many words that use philo-, phil- to mean "thriving in such and such a place or situation; or exhibiting a tendency for a specified condition" for its existence.

Other meanings include: "strongly attracted to; such as, an organism that loves or is strongly attracted to something which is specified".

In psychology and psychiatry, -phile, -philia, etc. use this element as a word termination indicating an abnormal craving or attraction to or an affinity for an object as shown by the word stems to which they are affixed.

oxygeophile
oxygeophilous (adjective), more oxygeophilous, most oxygeophilous
In biology, thriving in humus-rich habitats: Mrs. Smith wanted to get only oxygeophilous plants for her garden which had very good soil that contained partly decomposed organic matter.
oxygeophily
oxylophile
oxylophilous (adjective), more oxylophilous, most oxylophilous
In biology, referring to creatures dwelling in humus or humus-rich habitats: In his biology book, Martin read about some oxylophilous organisms thriving best in partially decomposed organic matter.
oxylophily
oxyphile
oxyphilous
In biology, thriving in an acidic environment.
oxyphily
pagophile
Something (plants or animals) thriving in ice or preferring to exist in ice.
pagophilous
pagophilous
Having a preference for environments consisting of ice.

The Antarctic and Snow Petrels, Adelie and Emperor Penguins, and Antarctic Tern can be called the real pagophilous species. Petrels are never observed far from the ice edge although they are encountered in ice-free water.

pagophily
Thriving on ice (as some animals and plants) or living within ice itself (as some bacteria or other microscopic creatures).
paniphile
paniphilous
A fondness for bread.
Quiz button #1 You may take a self-scoring quiz over some of the words in this section by just clicking this Philo Quiz #1 link.

Related "love, fondness" units: agape-; amat-; vener-; venus.