philo-, phil-, -phile, -philia, -philic, -philous, -phily, -philiac, -philist, -philism
These are just a few of the meanings set up for the etymological meanings of philo- which comes to us from Greek.
In biology, there are many words that use philo-, phil- to mean "thriving in such and such a place or situation; or exhibiting a tendency for a specified condition" for its existence.
Other meanings include: "strongly attracted to; such as, an organism that loves or is strongly attracted to something which is specified".
In psychology and psychiatry, -phile, -philia, etc. use this element as a word termination indicating an abnormal craving or attraction to or an affinity for an object as shown by the word stems to which they are affixed.
, more alkaliphilic, most alkaliphilic
Pertaining to extremophilic microbes that exist in alkaline environments: Such alkaliphilic organisms can survive in igneous rocks that contain a lot of sodium and potassium.
alkalophile (s) (noun)
, alkalophiles (pl)
An organism that lives and grows in an alkaline habitat: An alkalophile is a form of an extremophile and is exemplified by a Thiohalospira alkaliphila, a Natronomonas pharaonis, and a Halorhodospira halochloris.
, more allophilous, most allophilous
A reference to a plant that lacks morphological adaptations for attracting and guiding pollinators: It is an advantage for an allophilous flower to have insects help in transferring pollen from an anther to its stigma.
allophily (s) (noun)
, allophilies (pl)
The situation of certain flowers not possessing morphological adaptations to help pollinators so that they can be used by short-tongued insects: Allophily describes the condition of some flowers that lack the possibility of attracting insects with little tongues.
alsophile (s) (noun)
, alsophiles (pl)
A form of life that thrivies in woody grove habitats: Alsophiles can be wildflowers, ferns, mosses, and lichens which all are located on the forest floor.
, more alsophilous, most alsophilous
Regarding a form of life that thrives in woody grove habitats: One kind of an alsophilous plant is moss that grows on the surface of trees.
alsophily (s) (noun)
, alsophilies (pl)
An organism that exists in forest environments: Such alsophilies can be ferns, climbers, groundcovers and grasses that grow as an undergrowth in woody habitats.
amathophile (s) (noun)
, amathophiles (pl)
A creature that lives in sandy plains or soils: A sand crab is a good example of an amathophile that is very mobile in sandy beaches.
, mosre amathophilous, most amathophilous
Concerning a creature or plant that dwells in sandy areas or soils: Many low shrubs and grasses are considered to be amathophilous vegetation on the sandy soils of beach ridges.
amathophily (s) (noun)
, amathophilies (pl)
A partiality for an animal or a plant to exist in sandy places or soils: When walking along the beach, Jill saw many examples of amathophilies represented by beach hoppers, blood worms, and clams.
Amerindophile, Amerindophilist (s) (noun)
; Amerindophiles; Amerindophilists (pl)
A person who has a strong affinity to the Native American way of life: Besides being very interested in the existence of the Native Americans, Kevin was also an Amerindophile and collected many Red Indian paraphernalia or articles.
ammochthophile (s) (noun)
, ammochthophiles (pl)
In biology, existing on or having a priority for sand banks: Typical ammochthophiles include sea urchins, sand stars, and the burrowing Red Band fish.
, more ammochthophilous, most ammochthophilous
Referring to an organism that dwells on or exhibits a preference for sand banks: Razor shells are considered to be ammochthophilous creatures that are found on beaches with loose material consisting of tiny grains of rock or coral.
ammochthophily (s) (noun)
, ammochthophilies (pl)
A tendency of an organism to exist on banks of sand or sand banks: Ammochthophily
is a liking for seabirds for shallow sandy banks as a place for feeding grounds.
A situation of ammochthophily can be exemplified by burrowing worms or crustaceans, mysid shrimps, crabs and fish.
ammophile (s) (noun)
, ammophiles (pl)
In zoology, a form of life that prefers living in sand or in dry sandy places. The members of the genus Ammophila are characterized as being ammophiles.
You may take a self-scoring quiz over some of the words in this section by just clicking this Philo Quiz #1
Related "love, fondness" units: