philo-, phil-, -phile, -philia, -philic, -philous, -phily, -philiac, -philist, -philism

(Greek: love, loving, friendly to, fondness for, attraction to; strong tendency toward, affinity for)

These are just a few of the meanings set up for the etymological meanings of philo- which comes to us from Greek.

In biology, there are many words that use philo-, phil- to mean "thriving in such and such a place or situation; or exhibiting a tendency for a specified condition" for its existence.

Other meanings include: "strongly attracted to; such as, an organism that loves or is strongly attracted to something which is specified".

In psychology and psychiatry, -phile, -philia, etc. use this element as a word termination indicating an abnormal craving or attraction to or an affinity for an object as shown by the word stems to which they are affixed.

A collector of bowling-club badges.
A collector of bookmarks.
1. Thriving under intermediate or moderate environmental conditions; sometimes restricted to conditions of moderate moisture, or to moderate temperature.
2. A reference to micro-organisms having an optimum for growth between 20 and 45 degrees Centigrade.
3. Organisms, such as bacteria, that thrive at human-body temperature and of organisms preferring moderate moisture.
A reference to organisms that favor or prefer to live in temperate zones.
A collector of metalwork.
methanophile (s) (noun), methanophiles (pl)
An organism capable of oxidizing methane or bacteria that are able to metabolize methane as their only source of carbon and energy.
microaerophilic (adjective) (not comparable)
1. Concerning growth in an oxygen concentration significantly less than that of the atmosphere: Microaerophilic life forms can develop in an environment where the partial pressure of oxygen is significantly below normal atmospheric levels but which is not fully anaerobic.
3. Referring to a tiny organism which is capable of living in an environment where there is not much oxygen: A microaerophilic form of life can be a bacterium that can thrive in an environment with less oxygen than normal.
Quiz button #1 You may take a self-scoring quiz over some of the words in this section by just clicking this Philo Quiz #1 link.

Related "love, fondness" units: agape-; amat-; vener-; venus.