philo-, phil-, -phile, -philia, -philic, -philous, -phily, -philiac, -philist, -philism

(Greek: love, loving, friendly to, fondness for, attraction to; strong tendency toward, affinity for)

These are just a few of the meanings set up for the etymological meanings of philo- which comes to us from Greek.

In biology, there are many words that use philo-, phil- to mean "thriving in such and such a place or situation; or exhibiting a tendency for a specified condition" for its existence.

Other meanings include: "strongly attracted to; such as, an organism that loves or is strongly attracted to something which is specified".

In psychology and psychiatry, -phile, -philia, etc. use this element as a word termination indicating an abnormal craving or attraction to or an affinity for an object as shown by the word stems to which they are affixed.

extremophile (s) (noun), extremophiles (pl)
An organism that lives in environmental conditions beyond normal conditions: There are microbes that thrive in situations that would kill other creatures; yet, these extremophiles make their habitats in such forbidding environments as boiling or near freezing water, vinegar-like liquids, household ammonia, or in concentrated brine.

These microbes are called extremophiles because they thrive in environments that, from the human position, are clearly highest degree from normal situations and scientists have recognized that places once assumed to be sterile abound with a great deal of microbial life.

felinophile (s) (noun), felinophiles (pl)
A person who has a fondness or love of cats: Despite the fact that Carol is a felinophile and would love to have several tabbies, she lives in an apartment building and is permitted to have no more than two of them at any time.
A collector of hair.
A collector of steam locomotives.
A collector of watermarks.
A collector of whipping instruments.
A collector of lace bobbins.
In psychiatry, a subtype of zoophilia in which sexual arousal and orgasm are dependent upon the sensation produced by small bugs or other creatures crawling or nibbling at the skin, most frequently in the genital or anal areas or around the nipples.
1. Thriving in cold environments.
2. Preferring or having a fondness for cold places.
Quiz button #1 You may take a self-scoring quiz over some of the words in this section by just clicking this Philo Quiz #1 link.

Related "love, fondness" units: agape-; amat-; vener-; venus.