philo-, phil-, -phile, -philia, -philic, -philous, -phily, -philiac, -philist, -philism

(Greek: love, loving, friendly to, fondness for, attraction to; strong tendency toward, affinity for)

These are just a few of the meanings set up for the etymological meanings of philo- which comes to us from Greek.

In biology, there are many words that use philo-, phil- to mean "thriving in such and such a place or situation; or exhibiting a tendency for a specified condition" for its existence.

Other meanings include: "strongly attracted to; such as, an organism that loves or is strongly attracted to something which is specified".

In psychology and psychiatry, -phile, -philia, etc. use this element as a word termination indicating an abnormal craving or attraction to or an affinity for an object as shown by the word stems to which they are affixed.

In biology, pollinated or fertilized through the agency of dew; pollinated by dew.
1. A chemical compound or group that is attracted to electrons and tends to accept electrons.
2. A molecule, or compound, that doesn’t have enough electrons and will tend to take them from another molecule, or compound, with an excess of electrons.
3. A chemical species with an affinity for electrons and hence reactive with species rich in electrons.
4. An ion or molecule that has a partial or complete positive charge, so that it can accept an electron pair or share an electron pair with another atom.
1. Relating to a process in which electrons are acquired from or shared with another atom or molecule.
2. Pertaining to any chemical process in which electrons are acquired from or shared with other molecules or ions.
3. Describing a substance with an electron deficiency.
4. Having an affinity for electrons whereby a bond is formed when an ion or molecule (the electrophilic agent) accepts a pair of electrons from a nucleophilic ion or molecule.
electrophilic reagent
1. A molecule that forms a bond with another molecule by accepting an electron pair during a chemical reaction.
2. A reactant that accepts an electron pair from a molecule with which it forms a covalent bond (number of pairs of electrons an atom can share).
electrophilicity (s) (noun), electrophilicities (pl)
1. Involving or having an affinity or attraction for electrons.
2. A reference to a chemical compound or group that is attracted to electrons and which tends to accept electrons.
entomophilous (adjective), more entomophilous, most entomophilous
Relating to the pollination of flowers by insects: The entomophilous plants require bugs for normal pollination and often involving complex forms of attractions; for example, orchids and irises.
entomophily (s) (noun), entomophilies
Plants that are pollinated by insects: Entomophily involves the deposit by bugs of microscopic grains that are discharged from the male part of a flower or plant which allows fertilization of such vegetation.
A collector of theater programs.
Quiz button #1 You may take a self-scoring quiz over some of the words in this section by just clicking this Philo Quiz #1 link.

Related "love, fondness" units: agape-; amat-; vener-; venus.