philo-, phil-, -phile, -philia, -philic, -philous, -phily, -philiac, -philist, -philism
These are just a few of the meanings set up for the etymological meanings of philo- which comes to us from Greek.
In biology, there are many words that use philo-, phil- to mean "thriving in such and such a place or situation; or exhibiting a tendency for a specified condition" for its existence.
Other meanings include: "strongly attracted to; such as, an organism that loves or is strongly attracted to something which is specified".
In psychology and psychiatry, -phile, -philia, etc. use this element as a word termination indicating an abnormal craving or attraction to or an affinity for an object as shown by the word stems to which they are affixed.
A lover of gold; a special desire for gold.
chrysophilist (s) (noun)
, chrysophilists (pl)
Someone who is a lover of gold: As a chrysophilist, Steve had such a fondness for possessing gold that he was spending as much money as possible to buy gold coins and gold bars.
A collector of cigar bands.
A film or movie enthusiast.
A collector of scissors.
claustrophile (s) (noun)
, claustrophiles (pl)
A person who is fond of being in small, enclosed areas: Isaac was a claustorphile who preferred working in a very limited space, or booth, when he was busy with his computer projects.
claustrophilic (s) (noun)
, claustrophilics (pl)
Relating to someone who has a strong preference to be in small places rather than in roomy or spacious areas: Robert was a claustrophilic who definitely wanted to work in enclosed spaces that are big enough for one person so he can do something without other people seeing or hearing him; especially, when he is talking on the phone as he discusses technical issues with customers of his company.
A collector of mugs.
A collector of wooden decoy ducks.
You may take a self-scoring quiz over some of the words in this section by just clicking this Philo Quiz #1
Related "love, fondness" units: