grapho-, graph-, -graph, -graphy, -grapher, -graphia

(Greek: to scratch; to write, to record, to draw, to describe; that which is written or described)

As indicated at the bottom of this page, there is a significantly large number of graphic word-entry groups in this unit. Such an extensive listing is provided to show how important the grapho- element is to the English language.

A word that is spelled in the same way as one or more other words but is different in meaning, e.g., the verb project; as in, “I project that next year we will do better.” and the noun project; as in, “I will complete the project next week.”

Other homographs include: fair, a market and fair, beautiful; lead, to conduct, and lead, the metal.

1. A word of the same spelling as another, but of different origin and meaning.
2. The process of using a distinct character to represent each sound.
That method of spelling in which every sound is expressed by a single character, which represents that sound and no other.
A reference to the study or presentation of proportions.
homolographic projection
A method of map drawing by which the relative areas of different countries are accurately indicated.
The study or presentation of proportions, anatomical or geodetic.
horography (s) (noun) (no pl)
The discipline or art of creating time-keeping devices: Jacks's father was a kind of artist in the area of horography who designed and constructed watches, clocks, and other timepieces.
horologiography (s) (noun) (no pl)
1. A description of horologes or timepieces: Mary bought a book on horologiography to read about old clocks, like the grandfather clock she inherited.
2. The art of constructing horologes: To work in the discipline of horologiography in creating fine and delicate timepieces was Mary's main aspiration and desire.
An instrument for tracing designs on glass.
The art and technique of writing, or engraving, on glass.
1. An instrument for transmitting sound under water and recording messages so received.
2. A graph showing the variation of level, speed of flow, or another quantity at some point on a river.
1. Someone who is skilled in hydrography.
2. A specialist who surveys, or draws maps or charts of, the sea, lakes, or other waters, with the adjacent shores; and who describes the sea or other waters.
1. The scientific description and analysis of the physical conditions, boundaries, flow, and related characteristics of the earth's surface waters.
2. The mapping of bodies of water.
1. The science which has for its object the description of the waters of the earth’s surface, the sea, lakes, rivers, etc., comprising the study and mapping of their forms and physical features, of the contour of the sea-bottom, shallows, etc., and of winds, tides, currents, and the like.

In earlier use, including the principles of Navigation. Also a treatise on this science, a scientific description of the waters of the earth.

2. The subject-matter of this science; the hydrographical features of the globe or part of it; the distribution of water on the earth’s surface.
3. The scientific description and analysis of the physical conditions, boundaries, flow, and related characteristics of the earth's surface waters.
4. The mapping of bodies of water.

Related "writing" word units: glypto-; gram-; scrib-, script-.