grapho-, graph-, -graph, -graphy, -grapher, -graphia

(Greek: to scratch; to write, to record, to draw, to describe; that which is written or described)

As indicated at the bottom of this page, there is a significantly large number of graphic word-entry groups in this unit. Such an extensive listing is provided to show how important the grapho- element is to the English language.

ergoesthesiograph (s) (noun), ergoesthesiographs (pl)
An instrument for recording the amount of work done during muscular activity: When jogging, Yvonne wore an ergoesthesiograph which monitored her speed and endurance for long distance runs.

Other terms that have the same meaning as ergoesthesiograph include "ergometer" and "ergograph".

An instrument for recording the amount of work done during muscular activity.
A reference to an instrument for recording the amount of work done by muscular contractions, or the amplitude of contraction.
The science of using an instrument for registering on a moving drum the movement of a ginger or a contracting muscle in doing work.

This kind of study is used as an index of mental excitement, fatigue, etc.

esophagography (s) (noun), esophagographies (pl)
1. Radiography of the esophagus using swallowed or injected radiopaque contrast media: An esophagography is a roentgenography of the esophagus while or immediately after a patient swallows a positive contrast medium such as barium sulfate suspended in water.
2. The technique of obtaining an esophagogram: In her class at medical school, Peggy learned that esophagography used the method of diagnostic imaging of the esophagus.
esthesiography (s) (noun), esthesiographies (pl)
A written explanation or treatise about sensation, including both the sense organs and how sensation works: For her doctoral degree, Evelyn prepared an esthesiography about the various senses of the human body.
estuarine oceanography (s) (noun), estuarine oceanographies (pl)
The study of the physical, geological, chemical, and biological properties or characteristics of the wide parts of rivers where they come close to the sea.
ethnogeography (s) (noun), ethnogeographies (pl)
The scientific study of the georaphic distribution of various ethnic groups: Ethnogeography deals with diverse races, peoples, or cultural groups, their adaptations, and relations to the environments in which they live.
A specialist in ethnography.
A reference to ethnography or the scientific description of nations or races of mankind.
A descriptive reference to ethnography.
ethnography (s) (noun), ethnographies (pl)
1. The scientific description of nations or races of humans, with their customs, habits, and points of difference.
2. The descriptive study of ethnic groups or of a particular ethnic group.
3. An anthropological description of a particular community or society.
4. The comprehensive, descriptive study of a particular culture, usually the result of observation and in-depth interviews with key informants during fieldwork.

Data are gathered by direct observation during a period of residence with the group.

Technography or the study of the geographical distribution of technological processes of arts and crafts; such as, weaving, ceramics, etc.
ethograph (s) (noun),
1. A presentation about the morals and characteristics of mankind.
2. A pictorial inventory of the repertoire of behavior patterns shown by the members of a species.

Related "writing" word units: glypto-; gram-; scrib-, script-.