grapho-, graph-, -graph, -graphy, -grapher, -graphia

(Greek: to scratch; to write, to record, to draw, to describe; that which is written or described)

As indicated at the bottom of this page, there is a significantly large number of graphic word-entry groups in this unit. Such an extensive listing is provided to show how important the grapho- element is to the English language.

A reference to the process of engraving on copper or brass.
The act of engraving on copper or brass.
cheirograph, chirograph
1. A writing which, requiring a counterpart, was written twice on the same piece of parchment, with a space between, in which was written the word chirographum, through which the parchment was cut, and one part given to each party. It answered to what is now called a charter party.
2. Applied technically to the various documents that were formally written, engrossed, or signed "by hand" rather than by other means of publication.

A charter party, as mentioned in #1, is defined as an instrument in writing, from the sovereign power of a state or country, executed in due form, bestowing rights, franchises, or privileges.

cheirographist, chirographist
1. A chirographer; a writer by hand or an engrosser.
2. Someone who tells fortunes by examining the hands.
cheirography, chirography
1. Handwriting; autograph, style or character of handwriting; especially, penmanship.
2. Of or pertaining to chirography.
A written description of turtles, terrapins, and tortoises.
1. Any mechanical engraving process depending upon chemical action; specifically a process of zinc etching without the aid of photography.
2. A process of obtaining half-tones by printing, from the same plate, in two colors, or two shades of the same color, one of which is slightly out of register.
3. In graphic arts, any of various nonphotographic chemical processes used to make etchings or engravings.
Manuscript which is added to a block book in which the illustrations are printed from woodcuts.
Radiographic examination of the bile ducts.
Radiographic examination of the bile ducts and pancreas.
A radiographic examination of the gallbladder and the bile ducts after injection of a contrast medium.
1. Radiography of the gallbladder, using a radiopaque dye as contrast medium.
2. An X-ray examination of the gallbladder after the patient has swallowed a substance that shows up on an X-ray.
Ultrasonic examination of the gallbladder.

Related "writing" word units: glypto-; gram-; scrib-, script-.