grapho-, graph-, -graph, -graphy, -grapher, -graphia

(Greek: to scratch; to write, to record, to draw, to describe; that which is written or described)

As indicated at the bottom of this page, there is a significantly large number of graphic word-entry groups in this unit. Such an extensive listing is provided to show how important the grapho- element is to the English language.

bibliographical (adjective), more bibliographical, most bibliographical
Of, relating to, or dealing with the systematic description and history of books, their authorships, publications, editions, physical descriptions, etc.

The worst thing about new books is that they keep us from reading the old ones.

—Joseph Joubert
bibliography (s) (noun), bibliographies (pl)
1. The systematic description and history of books, their authorship, printing, publication, editions, physical description, etc.
2. A list of the books of a particular author, printer, or country, or of those dealing with any particular theme; the literature of a subject.
3. A list of source materials used or consulted in the preparation of a written work or referred to in the text.
To read without reflecting is like eating without digesting.
—Edmund Burke
bioautography (s) (noun), bioautographies (pl)
1. A bioassay of certain compounds, usually antibiotics or vitamins, by evaluating their ability to enhance the growth of some organism and to repress that of others: Using the bioautography stains for enzymes which could not be visualized by any other procedure have been developed
2. Classification of organic material by using solid absorbents that have affinities for specific elements.
3. An analytical technique in which organic compounds are separated by chromatography and identified by studying their effects on microorganisms.
biobibliographer (s) (noun), biobibliographers (pl)
A writer of biographical sketches of the authors listed in a bibliography.
biobibliographical (adjective), more biobibliographical, most biobibliographical
Dealing with the life and writings of an author.
biobibliography (s) (noun), biobibliographies (pl)
1. A bibliography containing biographical information about the author or authors.
2. A bibliography containing biographical sketches of listed authors.
biochromatography (s) (noun), biochromatographies (pl)
A chromatographic separation processes that is applied to natural products; such as, polysaccharides (cell membrane components, antigenic markers, etc.), polynucleotides (support for genetic information for macromolecular engineering) and purification of macromolecules; for example, proteins and functional peptides.
biodemography (s) (noun), biodemographies (pl)
The science dealing with the integration of ecology and the genetics of human populations: Biodemographies consist of information about birth and death processes as they relate to populations in general and to humans in particular.
biog, bio
A short term or abbreviation for "biography".
biogeograph (s) (noun), biographs (pl)
The science of the geographical distribution of living things; such as, animals and vegetation.
biogeographer (s) (noun), biogeographers (pl)
1. A specialist in biogeography or someone who studies the distributions of living things; such as, plant and animal life in the earth's environment and the biological and historical factors that produced such distributions.
2 .Scientists who study the spacial distributions of individual organisms in biotic communities which are composed of plants and animals and of ecosystems, or environmental systems, which are associations of biotic communities interacting with their environments.

An ecosystem may be defined and studied at sizes in areas ranging from a small pond to a global biome; such as, prairies or tropical rain forests.

biogeographic (adjective), more biogeographic, most biogeographic
A reference to the science of the geographical distribution of living things; such as, animals and vegetables.
biogeographic regions (pl) (noun), no singular
References to areas of the world that contain recognizably distinct and special fauna, or animals, and plants.
biogeographical (adjective), more biogeographical, most biogeographical
Referring to the study of the geographic or earthly distribution of plants and animals.
biogeographically (adverb) (not comparable)
A description of situations that involve the study of the geographic or the worldly distribution of plants and animals.

Related "writing" word units: glypto-; gram-; scrib-, script-.