halio-, hali-, halo-, hal-

(Greek > Latin: salt or "the sea")

Don't confuse this halio-, halo-, hal- unit with another hal- unit which means "breathe, breath".

mixoeuhaline
A reference to estuarine waters (wide mouth of a river that flows into the sea) that contain more than 30 parts per thousand of dissolved salts but less than the concentration of the adjacent seas.
mixohaline
A reference to any body of water that contains anywhere from 0.5 to 30 parts per thousand of dissolved salts.
mixomesohaline
A reference to brackish (salty) water containing from 5 to 18 parts per thousand of dissolved salts.
mixooligohaline
A reference to brackish waters containing from 0.5 to 5 parts per thousand of dissolved salts.
mixopolyhaline
A reference to brackish water containing from 18 to 30 parts per million dissolved salts.
oligohalabous
A reference to planktonic organisms living in sea water of less than five parts per thousand salinity.
oligohaline
1. Characterized by salinity in the range immediately above that of “fresh” water.
2. A reference to organisms that are tolerant of only a moderate range of salinities.
3. Brackish water that has a salinity between 0.5 and 3.0 parts per thousand, or sea water having a salinity between 17 and 30 parts per thousand.
polyhaline
Pertaining to brackish water having a salinity between ten and seventeen parts per thousand or to sea water having a salinity greater than thirty-four parts per thousand.
polyhalophile
Thriving in a wide range of salinities.
polystenohaline
Organisms that only inhabit oceanic waters of relatively constant high salinity.
stenohaline
1. A reference to organisms that are capable of tolerating only slight variations in salt concentrations, but it also applies to those capable of tolerating only low concentrations.
2. Limited to or able to live only within a narrow range of saltwater concentrations. Primarily a reference aquatic organisms.
3. Able to live only in a marine habitat of very little gradation in salinity.
thermohaline
1. A reference to both heat and salinity; hot salts.
2. In oceanography, of or relating to the joint action of temperature and salinity in a water mass.
thermohaline circulation
A pattern of global ocean circulation driven by density differences in water.
thermohaline convection
Te vertical movement of a layer of water caused by changes in the temperature-salinity relationship between it and the adjoining layers, usually because one layer has become colder or more saline, or both, and thus more dense.

Links to related <I>salt</I> words Related "salt" unit: sal-.

Inter-related cross references, directly or indirectly, involving the "sea" and the "ocean" bodies of water: abysso- (bottomless); Atlantic; batho-, bathy- (depth); bentho- (deep, depth); mare, mari- (sea); necto-, nekto- (swimming); oceano-; pelago- (sea, ocean); plankto- (drifting); thalasso- (sea, ocean).