capno-, capn-, capnod-

(Greek: smoke; vapor; sooty [extended meaning is carbon dioxide])


capnomantist (s) (noun), capnomantists (pl)
Soneone who practices divination by interpreting smoke from animal sacrifices.
capnometry (s) (noun), capnometries (pl)
1. The science of measuring the concentration of smoke in the atmosphere, in a smoke plume, or in a flue gas (smoke that comes out of a stove or a furnace).
2. The measurement of carbon dioxide in a volume of gas.

The most common monitoring units are based on the selective absorption of infrared light by carbon dioxide and water vapor.

Capnometries usually work on the principle that carbon dioxide absorbs infra-red radiation. A beam of infra-red light is passed across the gas sample to fall on a sensor. The presence of carbon dioxide in the gas leads to a reduction in the amount of light falling on the sensor, which changes the voltage in a circuit.

Capnometry measures the concentration of carbon dioxide (which provides information on blood flow) through the lungs, which then goes on to other organs.

capnopathy (s) (noun), capnopathies (pl)
Any disease caused by smoking.
capnophilia (s) (noun), capnophilias (pl)
A fondness for smoking or of being in the presence of smoke.
capnophilic (adjective), more capnophilic, most capnophilic
Relating to growing best with added carbon dioxide; said of certain kinds of bacteria.
capnophobia (s) (noun), capnophobias (pl)
1. An intense hatred, or fear, of smoking or having anyone around who is polluting the air in the immediate vicinity with tobacco smoke, whether from a cigar, a pipe, or from any similar process of smoke distribution: The guests Mrs. Jones had for dinner knew that she was affected with capnophobia and so they never puffed on any cigarettes while in her house.
2. A fear of smoke exhausts from motor vehicles which are blamed for causing so much pollution in the air: Mr. Straight, afflicted with capnophobia, never had a car because he dreaded the fumes produced by such vehicles and he only went places by train.

Here is a capnophobia link, Part 1 of 4, with images and information for a better understanding of capnophobiacs and why they hate smoking as related to the dangerous practice of smokers.

Also see the pages at this Capnophobia-Fumiphobia, Part 1 for pages about the smoking problems in our global societies.

Smoking is a shocking thing—blowing smoke out of our mouths into other people's mouths, eyes, and noses, and having the same thing done to us.

—Samuel Johnson, lexicographer, (1709-1784)

Believing that we are doing something worthwhile when we are smoking is the first illusion of tobacco.

—Anonymous
capnophobiac (s) (noun), capnophobiacs (pl)
A person who has a dread, or extreme hatred, of smoking: There are many capnophobiacs who despise being near tobacco users and don't allow them in their homes.
capnosis (s) (noun), capnoses (pl)
The smoking of cigarettes, cigars, etc.
capnotic (adjective), more capnotic, most capnotic
Characteristic of person who has a smoking habit; pertaining to smoking.
eucapnia (s) (noun), eucapnias (pl)
A state in which the arterial carbon dioxide pressure is optimal. Also: normocapnia.
hypercapnia (s) (noun) (usually no plural)
1. The presence of an abnormally high level of carbon dioxide in the circulating blood.
2. An abnormally increased arterial carbon dioxide tension as a result of hypoventilation; hypercarbia.
hypercapnic (adjective), more hypercapnic, most hypercapnic
A descriptive word for an excess of carbon dioxide in the blood.
hypercapnosis (s) (noun), hypercapnoses (pl)
Excessive smoking.
hypocapnia (s) (noun) (usually no plural)
1. A condition in which the level of carbon dioxide in the blood is lower than normal which can result from deep or rapid breathing.
2. Abnormally decreased arterial carbon dioxide tension; hypocarbia.
isocapnia (s) (noun), isocapnias (pl)
A state in which the arterial carbon dioxide pressure remains constant or unchanged.

Fumi or smoke words. More related smoke words are at this fumi- unit.


Inter-related cross references, directly or indirectly, involving word units dealing with "smoke, smoking": atmido-; Capnomania & Fumimania, Pt. 1; Capnophobia & Fumiphobia, Pt. 1; fumi-; nebula-; typho-.