-ation, -ization (-iz[e] + -ation); -isation (British spelling variation)
(Greek > Latin: a suffix; action, act, process, state, or condition; or result of doing something)
Although there are over 1,450 word entries ending with -ation or -ization listed in this unit, there are certainly many more which exist in the English language. At any rate, this unit provides a significant number of -ation and -ization examples for you to see.
2. The act of canceling something out.
3. The refusal by a state government to allow the application of a section of federal law.
4. In U.S. history, a doctrine expounded by the advocates of extreme states' rights which held that states have the right to declare null and void any federal law that they deem unconstitutional.
Numeration can be an action, a process, or a result of ascertaining the number of people, etc., in a specified category.
The nutrication of the farmer's cows had to be properly supervised in order to ensure that they received the best possible fodder possible for the best milk.
2. Wandering here and there with no special objective or purpose in mind.
2. An activity that leaves people baffled or bewildered and being without understanding: It was difficult for the audience to comprehend what the politician was trying to say because of his obfuscation regarding how he would improve the economy.
Although this cartoon refers to a verb, it is used here to help you understand the meaning of this noun entry.
Go to this Word A Day Revisited Index
so you can see more Mickey Bach illustrations.
2. A social, legal, or moral requirement; such as, a duty, contract, or promise that compels one to follow or avoid a particular course of action.
3. A course of action imposed by society, the law, or one's conscience by which a person is bound or restricted.
4. The constraining power of a promise, contract, law, or sense of duty.
5. In law, a legal agreement stipulating a specified payment or action; especially, if the agreement also specifies a penalty for failure to comply and the document containing the terms of such an agreement.
6. Something owed as payment or in return for a special service or favor for which one is indebted to another.
7. The state, fact, or feeling of being indebted to another for a special service or favor received.
8. Etymology: from Old French obligation (1235), from Laton obligationem, obligatio, "an engaging" or pledging"; literally, "a binding" (but rarely used in this sense), noun of action from obligare.
The meaning is of "binding with promises" or "by law" or "duty". Oblige, with which it is usually confused, means "to do one a favor".
2. A lowered level of consciousness; for example, with a loss of the ability to respond properly to external stimuli.