-ation, -ization (-iz[e] + -ation); -isation (British spelling variation)
(Greek > Latin: a suffix; action, act, process, state, or condition; or result of doing something)
Although there are over 1,450 word entries ending with -ation or -ization listed in this unit, there are certainly many more which exist in the English language. At any rate, this unit provides a significant number of -ation and -ization examples for you to see.
2. An accumulation of an overwhelming amount of things that someone must deal with.
2. The act of surveying or being alert: All military bases have 24-hour invigilations to secure the safety of everyone who is working or living in those establishments.
2. A form of prayer pleading for God's presence; especially, one said at the beginning of a religious service or public ceremony: When the church service started, the invocation included an earnest plea for the the Holy Spirit to bring them His guidance and help during these troublesome times.
3. The act of calling upon or quoting something; such as, a law as a reason or justification for doing something: As an invocation to support her wish, Sally repeated what her mother had said for moral support, and which she stated to her father: "But Mom said I could stay out with my friends until ten o'clock."
4. A casting of a spell in an attempt to make an evil spirit appear: In a fairy tale that Jimmy was reading, a witch used invocations and recited magical words to summon supernatural powers to put the princess to sleep for 100 years.
2. A process for asking for support, help, or intercession: The priest started the church service with an invocation.
Generally, an invocation comes at the beginning and a benediction comes at the end of a ceremony or religious service, etc.
The word invocation has Latin ancestors in invocare, meaning "to invoke"; for example, to call on (a higher power) for assistance, support, or inspiration".
A benediction expresses "good wishes" or "a blessing". It has ancestors in the Latin phrase bene dicere, meaning "to speak well" or "to praise".
In order to appease the many relatives, one uncle was asked to speak an invocation at the beginning of the ceremony and the other uncle was invited to give the benediction at the close of the ceremony.
2. A method of implanting impurities below the surface of a solid, usually a semiconductor, by bombarding the solid with a beam of ions of the impurity.
3. A process that utilizes accelerated ions to penetrate a solid surface.
The implanted ions can be used to modify the surface composition, structure, or property of the solid material.
Ion implantation is used extensively in the semiconductor industry and the fabrication of integrated circuits in silicon often requires many steps of ion implantation with different ion species and energies.
Ion implantation is also used to change the surface properties of metals and alloys. It has been applied successfully to improve wear resistance, fatigue life, corrosion protection, and chemical resistance of different materials.
2. Movement of ions produced in an electrolyte, semiconductor, etc., by the application of an electric potential between electrodes.