-ation, -ization (-iz[e] + -ation); -isation (British spelling variation)
(Greek > Latin: a suffix; action, act, process, state, or condition; or result of doing something)
Although there are over 1,450 word entries ending with -ation or -ization listed in this unit, there are certainly many more which exist in the English language. At any rate, this unit provides a significant number of -ation and -ization examples for you to see.
2. The use of a cautery, or a caustic agent, to medically or to surgically treat a lesion or to stop bleeding.
Cauterization is the burning of the body to remove or close a part of it. It is sometimes done for medical reasons, to treat some kind of wound in an area, for example. The main form of cauterization is electrocautery.
In the past, cauterization was used to stop heavy bleeding, especially during amputations.
Special medical instruments called cauters were used to cauterize arteries. During open-heart surgery, cauterization is used to close the many blood vessels in the cavity, as well as to remove vessels to be used for coronary artery bypass surgery.
2. The formation of gas bubbles in a liquid, due to pressure variations, heating, or vibration.
Specifically, the formation of gas pockets or bubbles on the blade of an impeller or the gate of a valve; collapse of these pockets or bubbles drives water with such force that it can cause pitting on the surface.3. The pitting of a solid surface.
4. In medicine, the formation of cavities in a body tissue or an organ, especially those formed in the lung as a result of tuberculosis.
2. Any joyous diversion.
3. The public performance of a church sacrament or a solemn observance with all appropriate rituals.
2. The application of cement or a similar substance to something, or the result of this.
3. The modification of a solid, especially a metal, by heating it with one or more other substances that will diffuse into the surface; such as, the production of steel by heating it with charcoal.
4. A metallurgical coating process in which iron or steel is immersed in a powder of another metal; such as, zinc, chromium, or aluminum, and heated to a temperature below the melting point of either.
5. In geology, sedimentary rock formation or the process in which percolating ground water deposits a cementing material to form a sedimentary rock.
6. The injecting of cement into holes or fissures in rocks to make them watertight or strong.
7. The attachment of anything with cement; such as, of restorative material to a natural tooth, or of bands to teeth.
2. A document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts.
3. A confirmation that some fact or statement is true.
4. Etymology: from Old French certifier, "make certain"; from Late Latin certificare, from Latin certus + a form of the root facere, "to make, do".
2. A temporary or complete stopping; a discontinuance: "There was a cessation of hostilities between the two nations."
3. Etymology: from Old French cessation, from Latin cessationem, cessatio, "a delaying, ceasing", from Latin cessare, "to delay" directly related to cease, from Latin cessare, "to delay, to stop".
This was derived from cessus, the past participle of cedere, "to go away, to withdraw, to yield".
2. The process of scar evolution associated with a wound contraction.
In some societies, a smooth, unmarked skin represents an ideal of beauty; however, there are some people in other cultures who see smooth skin as an unfinished surface.
Scarification body art alters the skin's texture by cutting the skin and controlling the body's healing process.
The incisions, which are treated to prevent infection and to enhance the scars' visibility, leave a greater visibility of the scars after the skin heals.
Inserting substances like clay or ash in the wounds results in permanently raised weals or bumps, known as keloids, or cheloids, (a red, raised formation of fibrous scar tissue caused by excessive tissue repair in response to a surgical incision or cuts).
Substances inserted into the wounds may also result in a different skin color, which leave patterns similar to tattoos.
2. An act or instance of circulating, moving or flowing in a circle or circuit.
3. Any similar circuit, passage, or flow, as of sap in plants or air currents in a room.
4. The transmission or passage of anything from place to place or person to person; such as, the circulation of a rumor; the circulation of money.
5. The distribution of copies of a periodical among subscribers.
6. The number of copies of each issue of a newspaper, magazine, etc., distributed to those who buy such media.
7. The movement of coins, notes, bills, etc., in use as money; also known as, "currency".
8. The lending of library books and other materials or the number of books and materials that a library has loaned out to patrons.