-ation, -ization (-iz[e] + -ation); -isation (British spelling variation)

(Greek > Latin: a suffix; action, act, process, state, or condition; or result of doing something)

Although there are over 1,450 word entries ending with -ation or -ization listed in this unit, there are certainly many more which exist in the English language. At any rate, this unit provides a significant number of -ation and -ization examples for you to see.

capitulation (s) (noun), capitulations (pl)
1. The act of surrendering or giving up resistance to an enemy based on specified terms or conditions: "The military unit's capitulation to the attackers was based on an agreement that the troops would give up their weapons and leave the area and not come back."
2. The which is no longer being resisted or opposed: "The mayor's capitulations to the demands of the city council resulted in some improvements that people had asked for many times before."
3. An outline or summary in document form: "The contractor presented written capitulations as to what he would do for the apartment owner."
caprification (s) (noun), caprifications (pl)
The technique of making sure that pollination of certain edible figs takes place: Caprification is a process in which flowering branches of the wild fig caprifig are hung in orchards of cultivated fig trees to provide pollen for pollination and hence fruit development.

Caprification is the artificial transfer of pollen from the anther to the stigma of figs by means of the sting of insects, such as by chalcid wasps.
2. Etymology: from Latin caprificatio, "ripening of figs" (by the stinging of gall-insects); from caprificatus, past participle of caprificare, "to ripen figs", from caprificus, "wild fig"; literally, "goat fig", from caper, "goat" and ficus, "fig".

captivation (s) (noun), captivations (pl)
A feeling of great interest and liking for something that is considered to be wonderful and unusual: "The captivation of the politician made it easier for her to be re-elected as President of her country."
cardiac regurgitation (s) (noun), cardiac regurgitations (pl)
A revese flow of blood through the aortic, mitral, or tricuspid valves of the heart because of incomplete closures.
cardiopulmonary resuscitation, CPR
1. A basic emergency procedure for life support, consisting of artificial respiration and manual external cardiac massage.
2. The emergency substitution of heart and lung action to restore life to someone who appears dead.

The two main components of conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or CPR, are chest compression to make the heart pump and mouth-to-mouth ventilation to breath for the victim.

Hands-only CPR is a form of resuscitation that involves continuous, rapid chest compressions only, and although effective, it is not as beneficial as conventional CPR in a patient who is not breathing.

In the event of an early heart attack, death can often be avoided if a bystander calls emergency services (911 in the U.S. or 112 in Europe) and starts CPR promptly.

Hands-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation was approved by the American Heart Association in April, 2008, as a measure to allow untrained or fearful bystanders to be able to initiate help in the event of a cardiac arrest. If others are present, one person should attempt to locate an automated external defibrillator (AED) while another administers CPR.

carnation (s) (noun) , carnations (pl)
1. A flower with a pink or reddish-pink color similar to the color of the skin of many people.
2. Etymology: from old French, "flesh-colored"; from Old Italian carnagione, "skin, complexion"; from carne, "flesh" or from Late Latin carnnati-, carnation-, "flesh"; both of which come from Latin car-, carn-.
castigation (s) (noun), castigations (pl)
1. A reprimand, a reproach, or a scolding for doing something unacceptable: The principal of the school had several castigations which he expressed to the students for their unruly behavior during the basketball game.
2. Etymology: from the Latin castigatio, or chastisement, via the French ch√Ętiment, is the infliction of severe moral or corporal punishment.
Strong criticism, denunciation, and finding fault with someone.
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1. The removal of the gonads, or their destruction as by radiation, parasites, or other physical removal.
2. Neutering a male animal by removing the testicles; emasculation.
3. The surgical removal of the testes or ovaries (usually to inhibit hormone secretion in cases of breast cancer in women or prostate cancer in men).
4. The deletion of objectionable parts from a literary work; expurgation.
catheterization (s) (noun), catheterizations (pl)
An insertion of a small tube into a body area to remove fluid, create an opening, widen a passageway, or to administer a drug: Some medical situations require that the use of catheterization or the placement of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, or hollow organ of the body for injecting; or for withdrawing fluids, for diagnostic or medical treatment purposes.
1. The use of a cautery or caustic agent to medically or to surgically treat a lesion or to stop bleeding.
2. The use of a cautery, or a caustic agent, to medically or to surgically treat a lesion or to stop bleeding.

Cauterization is the burning of the body to remove or close a part of it. It is sometimes done for medical reasons, to treat some kind of wound in an area, for example. The main form of cauterization is electrocautery.

In the past, cauterization was used to stop heavy bleeding, especially during amputations.

Special medical instruments called cauters were used to cauterize arteries. During open-heart surgery, cauterization is used to close the many blood vessels in the cavity, as well as to remove vessels to be used for coronary artery bypass surgery.