(Latin: beyond, on the other side; excessive, to an extreme degree)
A reference to a court or other agency of government, an institution, or an individual, that exceeds its legal authority.2. An antonym, or opposite, is intra vires.
There are other legal applications (or interpretations):
- An act performed without any legal authority to act on the subject. It may refer to acts beyond the scope of the powers of a corporation; such as those that are defined by its charter or laws of state of incorporation.
- The term has a broad application and includes not only acts prohibited by a charter, but acts that are in excess of powers granted and not prohibited, and generally applied either when a corporation has no power whatever to do an act or when the corporation has the power but exercises it.
- An act is ultra vires when a corporation is without authority to perform it under any circumstances or for any purpose.
- An ultra vires act of a municipality is one that is beyond the powers conferred upon it by law.
Generally, conservatism, in politics, includes the desire to maintain, or to conserve, the existing order and conservatives usually believe that the implementation of changes should be minimal and gradual and not radical as is often the case with ultraconservatives.
Conservatives are said to value the wisdom of the past and are generally opposed to widespread reform and they are usually flexible and receptive to moderate changes, but they favor the maintenance of order on social issues, and they actively support deregulations and privatizations in economic spheres; however, ultraconservatives tend to be much more radical and extreme in their desires for maintaining certain political practices or conditions.
2. Etymology: from Latin ultra, "beyond" + fastidiosus, "disgust, disdain, haughtiness, loathing".
They can send information faster and farther than high-frequency and low-frequency tags, but radio waves don’t pass through items with high water content; such as, fruit, at these frequencies.
UHF tags are also more expensive than low-frequency tags, and they use more power.