trans-, tran-, tra-
(Latin: across, through, over, beyond; on the far side of)
Don't confuse the tra- in this element with another tra- in "drag" or "draw". Trans- becomes tra- before the consonants -d, -j, -l, -m, -n, and -v.
RNA, or ribonucleic acid, consists of a cellular substance that represents a copy of DNA, or deoxyribonucleic acid, and directs the formation of new proteins inside the cells.
DNA regulates the activities of the cell according to its sequence or arrangement into genes on each chromosome. The DNA sequence resembles a series of codes which when passed out of the nucleus to the rest of the cell, directs the activities of the cell; such as, cell division and the synthesis of proteins.
2. A method of pain control with the application of electric impulses to the nerve endings.
This is done through electrodes which are placed on the skin and attached to a stimulator with flexible wires.
The electric impulses which are generated are similar to those of the body; however, they are different enough to block the transmission of pain signals to the brain making this procedure noninvasive and nonaddictive, and with no known side effects.
2. Any device by which variations in one physical quantity (e.g. pressure, brightness) are quantitatively converted into variations in another (e.g. voltage, position).
2. The process whereby a transducer accepts energy in one form and gives back related energy in a different form.
3. Transfer of genetic material or characteristics from one bacterial cell to another by the incorporation of bacterial DNA into a bacteriophage.
2. To use something; such as, an idea, a skill, etc. for a different or new purpose: Fortunately, Sam was able to transfer his organizational experiences and ideas to his new job.
3. To change from one form of transportation to another one while traveling: In addition to the passengers, Sandy and Leo were transferred from one aircraft to a different one because the first one had a flat tire.
2. A person who is in receipt of property through a legal process: Doris was named the transferee in her parents' will.
2. The movement or redirection of one's feelings about someone or something from the past to an individual with whom one is currently involved: Dr. Jones was concerned about the transference that Iris was presenting towards her therapist because she was acting in an unusually angry and emotional way.