trans-, tran-, tra-

(Latin: across, through, over, beyond; on the far side of)

Don't confuse the tra- in this element with another tra- in "drag" or "draw". Trans- becomes tra- before the consonants -d, -j, -l, -m, -n, and -v.

transporter (s) (noun), transporters (pl)
A vehicle or tool for the movement of items and people from one location to another: The crane worked as the perfect transporter for unloading the hold of the ship while it was docked in the harbor.

Trucks were used as transporters of the cargo from the dock to various points of distribution.

transpose (verb), transposes; transposed; transposing
1. To cause two or more things to change places or locations with each other: When Trudy's father dialed her phone number, he got the wrong person; so, he assumed that he had accidentally transposed a couple of the numbers.

When Jack L., the author, wrote about two of the characters in his novel, the Susan, the editor, noticed that every once in awhile, the writer was mistakenly transposing their names.

2. To move to a different place or context: The teacher pointed out that James had misspelled the word "strength" as "strenght" on his paper; so, she suggested that he correct it by transposing the last two letters to make the spelling correct.
3. To write or to perform a musical composition in a key other than the original or given key: Since Janet was a soprano, the piece she was supposed to sing had to be transposed higher from C major to E major.
transposer (s) (noun), transposers (pl)
A person who rewrites or performs a musical piece in another key: The transposer revised the musical composition to such an extent that it was difficult to recognize the original way it was performed.
transposition (s) (noun), transpositions (pl)
1. A reversal or an alteration of the locations or order in which things stand: Some vocabulary books consist of several transpositions of word orders.
2. The placing of something in a different setting, or the recasting of something in a different language, style, or medium: It is said that the Chinese dragon is a transposition of the serpent.
3. The rewriting or playing of a piece of music in a key or at a pitch other than the original or usual key or pitch: The orchestra played various transpositions that had been changed from their original compositions.
4. In mathematics, the changing of the order of a set of things or arranging in different orders: The transpositions of a, b, and c are abc, acb, bac, bca, cab, and cba.

By subtracting 2 from both sides of the equation 2 + x = 4, a person can have a transposition that moves 2 to the other side, resulting in x = 4 - 2, which makes x equal 2.

5. A transfer of a DNA segment to a new place on the same or another chromosome: The transposition of a gene or set of genes goes from one DNA position to another one.
transpositional (adjective), more transpositional, most transpositional
Relating to an action that causes things to exchange places with each other: The two transpositional frames in the film were accidentally exchanged which resulted in that section of the movie looking as if the actor's head was suddenly moving forward instead of backward.

In the Wicked Bible, that was published as a version of the King James Bible in 1631, there was a transpositional "blank", or deletion, in place of the word "not". The result of this transpositional error resulted in the commandment saying "Thou shalt commit adultery" instead of "Thou shalt not commit adultery.

transpositive (adjective), more transpositive, most transpositive
A reference to something that has been changed into a different form or which is being used in a different place or situation, etc.: The presentations of the internet sites on the Apple iPad during the train ride were producing good results; however, they became a transpositive failure in the book-fair buildings because there were too many people using iPads, iPhones, etc. and overloading the system there.
transposon (s) (noun), transposons (pl)
A segment of DNA (a chemical substance that contains genetic information and is found in all living cells and some viruses) which can independently duplicate itself and insert that copy into a new position within the same or another chromosome or plasmid (unit of DNA that replicates within a cell independently of the chromosomal DNA): Transposons are similar to viruses and in humans are a cause of hemophilia, certain cancers, and other diseases.

In other organisms, transposons can become a permanent and even beneficial part of the genome, as in maize (corn), where transposons account for half of the genome, and in certain bacteria, where genes for antibiotic resistance can spread by means of transposons.

Another explanation states that a transposon is a segment of DNA that is capable of inserting copies of itself into other DNA sections within the same cell.

Passing across the thalamus.
transubstantiate (verb), transubstantiates; transubstantiated; transubstantiating
1. To alter or modify one substance into another; to convert: In her art class at the university Nancy was able to transubstantiate the simple lump of clay she had into a fantastic and beautiful sculpture of a goddess.
2. To transform the Eucharist bread and wine into Christ's body and blood: In church Judy wasn't sure how a piece of bread could be transubstantiated into the body of Jesus!
transubstantiation (s) (noun), transubstantiations (pl)
1. The doctrine of the Catholic Church that bread and wine is altered into the body and blood of Jesus: When consecrated in the Eucharist, the concept is that food made from dough and then baked changes into the substance of the body of Christ, just as the fermented juice of grapes turns into the blood of Christ.
2. The conversion of one matter into another: Alchemists In the Middle Ages tackled the transubstantiation of turning lead into gold, but it never worked out and has never worked to this day!
transude, transudatory
1. To pass, as perspirable matter does, through the pores or interstices of textures; as, liquor may transude through leather or wood.
2. To pass through a membrane or permeable substance.