trans-, tran-, tra-

(Latin: across, through, over, beyond; on the far side of)

Don't confuse the tra- in this element with another tra- in "drag" or "draw". Trans- becomes tra- before the consonants -d, -j, -l, -m, -n, and -v.

transfusion (trans FYOO zhuhn) (s) (noun), transfusions (pl)
1. The act of pouring from one container into another one; hence, transference, or the transmission of something: Frank tipped the pitcher of lemonade in order to complete the transfusion of the drink from the container to his glass.
2. In medicine, the transfer of a body fluid from one person, or animal, to the veins of another person, or animal: A transfusion involves the injection of blood or a blood component into the bloodstream.

The transfusion of large volumes of life-saving liquid into the bloodstream is also done primarily to remedy someone who has bled severely after an accident or has lost a lot of blood during surgery.

During a transfusion, the patient's pulse, blood pressure, and temperature are measured regularly and, if there are any signs of bad reactions, the transfusion is discontinued.

transfusion reaction (s) (noun), transfusion reactions (pl)
One of a variety of reactions that can occur as a result of blood transfusions.

The most serious is the response of the recipient when incompatible blood is administered, in which case massive intravascular (occurring within blood vessels) clumping and lysis (destruction) of red blood cells occur.

1. Appearing as, wishing to be considered as, or having undergone surgery to become a member of the opposite sex.
2. A person appearing or attempting to be a member of the opposite sex; such as, a transsexual or habitual cross-dresser.
3. Relating to a transgendered person or to transgendered people (a person who has undergone genital/sexual reassignment surgery).
transgender reassignment
The surgical alteration of external sexual characteristics so a person resembles someone of the opposite gender or sex.
transgression (trans GRESH uhn, tranz GRESH uhn (s) (noun), transgressions (pl)
1. A violation of a law, a command, or a responsibility: The contractor was accused of transgression because his company failed to provide sufficient building supplies for the housing project.
2. An offense, disobedience, or sin: Participating in Sunday labor used to be considered a serious transgression against God.

A violation of a rule, or to break a law, is to commit a transgression.

Having significance that transcends the historical; universal or eternal.
transhumance (s) (noun), transhumances (pl)
1. The transfer of livestock from one grazing ground to another, as from lowlands to highlands, with the changing of seasons.
2. The practice of moving farm animals between different grazing lands according to the time of the year; especially, up to mountain pastures in the summer and back down into the valleys in the winter.
3. Etymology: from French transhumance; from Latin trans-, "across, beyond" + humus, "ground".
transhumant (adjective)
A descriptive term for passing grazing animals from winter to summer pastures: "The farmer practiced the transhumant system of moving his stock to different pastures based on the seasons of the year."

"The transhumant system is said to encourage the spread of some diseases; such as, pneumonic pasteurellosis or bovine respiratory disease."