toxico-, toxic-, toxi-, tox-, toxin-, -toxically, -toxaemia, -toxemia, -toxaemic, -toxemic, -toxical, -toxy, -toxis, -toxicosis, -toxism, -toxia, -toxin, -toxicity

(Greek: poison)

This Greek element originally meant "bow", then it became "arrow", then a "poisoned arrow" and finally "poison". In most cases, toxico- means poison, but in a few situations it refers to the original meaning of "arrow", as in toxophilite and toxophily; "love of or fondness for archery", and so it shouldn't be confused with toxophil, toxophile, "having an affinity for or an attraction to a toxin or poison'.
Poisoning by a ptomaine.
A reference to an assumed toxic substance produced in the tissues during the progress of a fever.
Any toxic agent produced by combustion or a fire.
Exerting a toxic or deleterious effect upon the retina.
1. A poisonous substance produce in mussels and clams which have fed on member of the genus Gonyaulax and related dinoflagellates.
2. A neurotoxin produced by the red tide dinoflagellates, Gonyaulax catenella and G. Tamarensis.

It binds to the sodium channel, blocking the passage of action potentials. Its action closely resembles that of tetrodotoxin. The toxin was originally isolated from the clam, Saxidomus giganteus.

shiga toxin, shigatoxin
Bacterial toxin from Shigella dysenteriae that blocks eukaryotic protein synthesis.

Shigella dysenteriae refers to a group of structurally related toxins that block eukaryotic protein synthesis by cleaving the 28S rRNA subunit of ribosomes (small cellular components).

1. Any poison developed in food; especially, one produced by bacteria growing in a cereal or grain product.
2. Poisoning by vegetable foods infested with molds or bacteria.

This word refers to aflatoxin, a toxin produced by some strains of Aspergillus flavus that causes cancer in laboratory animals. It may be present in peanuts and other seeds contaminated with Aspergillus molds. Farm animals and humans are susceptible to this toxicosis.

It is not practical to try to remove aflatoxin from contaminated foods in order to make them edible. In other words, throw moldy food away! It is very dangerous to attempt to clean mold off food and then eat it!

Poisoning by vegetable foods infested with molds or bacteria.
solar detoxification
The use of chemical reactions driven by solar radiation to break down contaminant molecules in the air or the water; that is, the detoxification of water through thermal chemical reactions driven by the heat generated by concentrating solar collectors.
staphylotoxin (s) (noun), staphylotoxins (pl)
A toxin caused by one of the staphylococci, particulary staphylococcus aureus: Staphylotoxin bacteria is a poisonous matter originating from staphylococcus bacteria.

Among some of the toxins produced are an enterotoxin, a cause of food poisoning, and exotoxins, including a hemotoxin that lyses (destruction of) red blood cells, a dermonecrotic toxin, toxic shock syndrome toxin, and leukocidins.

substance intoxication delirium
That kind of delirium which can occur during intoxication with any of a variety of substances; including, alcohol, amphetamines and related substances, cannabis, cocaine, hallucinogens, inhalants, opioids, phencyclidine and related substances; and sedatives, hypnotics, and anxiolytics.

Specific disorders are identified by the substance involved.


A cross reference of another word family that is related directly, or indirectly, with: "poison": veno-; viru-.