terr-, terra-, -ter

(Latin: earth, dry land, land)

This unit presents many words that are used in references having to do with earth and land; that is, the loose, fragmented material that composes part of the surface of this planet that we live on.

Don't confuse this element with other words that are spelled in a similar way; such as, terrify, terrible.

Mediterranean Sea
An inland sea surrounded by Europe, Asia, Asia Minor, the Near East, and Africa. It connects with the Atlantic Ocean through the Strait of Gibraltar; with the Black Sea through the Dardanelles, the Sea of Marmara, and the Bosporus; and with the Red Sea through the Suez Canal.
nonterritorial
Not displaying territoriality.
parterre
1. An ornamental garden laid out in a formal pattern that is usually marked out with low evergreen hedges and filled in with annual bedding plants.
2. An ornamental flower garden having the beds and paths arranged to form a pattern.
pax orbis terrarum
The peace of the world.

1. Universal peace.

2. A motto found on Roman coins.

Pulchra terra Dei donum.
This fair land is the gift of God.
semiterrestrial
Not growing or living entirely on land; partly terrestrial.
Sit tibi terra levis.
May the earth rest lightly upon thee.

An ancient inscription often found on Roman tombstones.

Suave, mari magno turbantibus aequora ventis, e terra magnum alterius spectare laborem.
It is pleasant when safe on the land to watch the great struggle of another out on a swelling sea, amid winds churning the deep. -Lucretius
subterraneal
Subterranean.
subterranean
1. Situated or operating beneath the earth's surface; underground.
2. Hidden; secret; such as, subterranean motives for murder.
subterraneous
1. Being or lying under the surface of the earth; situated within the earth, or under ground; as, subterraneous springs; a subterraneous passage.
2. Lying beyond what is openly revealed or avowed (especially being kept in the background or deliberately concealed); such as, subterraneous motives for murder.
subterrestrial
Underground; subterranean.
Suscipe Terra tuo de corpore sumptum.
Translation: "Receive, O Earth, what was taken from thy body."

Epitaph of Pope Gregory the Great.

terra (s); terrae (pl)
1. Literally, dry land, earth.
2. Any of the light-colored highland or mountainous areas of the moon or of a planet.
Terra Australis
Also known as, Terra Australis Incognita, Latin for "the unknown land of the South", it was an imaginary continent, appearing on European maps from the 15th to the 18th century.

It was introduced by Aristotle. Aristotle's ideas were later expanded by Ptolemy, a Greek cartographer from the first century A.D., who believed that the Indian Ocean was enclosed on the south by land.

Cross references of word families related directly, or indirectly, to: "land, ground, fields, soil, dirt, mud, clay, earth (world)": agra-; agrest-; agri-; agro-; argill-; choro-; chthon-; epeiro-; geo-; glob-; lut-; myso-; pedo-; pel-; rhyp-; soil-; sord-.