ten-, tent-, tin-, -tain, -tainment, -tenance, -tinence
(Latin: hold, grasp, have)
2. The role, duty, or position of being a lieutenant.
3. A U.S. naval officer holding the commissioned rank just below that of a lieutenant commander.
2. An officer in the U.S. Navy or Coast Guard of a rank above lieutenant junior grade, or an officer in the British or Canadian navies of a rank above sub-lieutenant.
3. A U.S. police or fire department officer of a rank above sergeant.
4. A first or second lieutenant in the U.S. Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps; where the first lieutenant is in a rank above a second lieutenant and below a rank of captain.
5. Etymology: from an Old French compound made up of lieu, "place" and tenant, "holding".
The word in Old French and the borrowed Middle English word lieutenant, first recorded near the end of the 14th century, referred to a person who acted for another as a deputy. This usage has continued, for example, in our term "lieutenant governor", the deputy of the governor and the one who replaces the governor if it is necessary.
In military references, lieutenant appears by itself as well as in compounds; such as, "first lieutenant" and "second lieutenant"; however, the original notion of the word in military usage was that the officer it referred to ranked below the next one who was higher and could replace him, if it were necessary; so, a lieutenant in the U.S. Army could replace a captain.
2: To preserve or retain an existing condition: Although her boss criticized her severely for being late for work, Mrs. Jackson maintained her composure and started to work right away.
3: To keep in a state of good restoration or condition: The Roberts couple had two cars which they maintained for years, both of which were more than 10 years old and in perfect shape and driving very well!
4: To keep up, to adhere to: Sherry was an excellent teacher who had to maintain a level of proficiency in order to keep her status of being the principal of the school.
5. Etymology: from Latin manutenere "to hold in the hand"; from manu, ablative of manus, "hand" + tenere, "to hold".
2: Financial support for a person’s expenses; alimony: Not only did Greg have to keep up his own maintenance of living, but he also had to pay for his two children who were living with their mother, his former wife.
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2. To be appropriate or suitable.
3. To be a part of something or belong to to it; especially, as an attribute or accessory.
4. Etymology: from Latin pertinere; literally, "to hold to".