tempo-, tempor-, temp-

(Latin: time, occasion)

Don't confuse this tempo- element with other words that refer to the temples; such as, the flattened sides of the forehead or the buildings used for religious worship or services. They simply have no connection with this element.

We all have our time machines. Some take us back, they're called memories. Some take us forward, they're called dreams.

—Jeremy Irons, actor
temperer (s) (noun), temperers (pl)
A machine that is used for combining cement, stone, lime, etc. with water: In order to build the walkway to Bill's house properly, a temperer was used to mix the sand, cement, etc. the right way.
tempering (s) (noun), temperings (pl)
1. The hardening of something by using heat in order to produce more strength or more solidness: The blacksmith used tempering in order to make the metal for the bridles of the horses strong and durable.
2. The situation of making something more balanced or less intense: The tempering of Monroe's extreme excitement about climbing up Mt. Everest was made clear to him after learning that he would have to lose quite a bit of weight and do workouts at the fitness studio three times week for at least a year.
tempest (s) (noun), tempests (pl)
1. A severe storm with very high winds and often rain, hail, or snow: A tempest swept through the town, uprooting trees, removing housetops, and knocking over patio chairs and tables.
2. A severe commotion or disturbance, especially an emotional upheaval about something that is not very important: While setting the table for guests for Jacob's birthday dinner, there arose a heated "tempest in a teapot” about whether to use paper napkins or cloth napkins, which was certainly a trivial issue to say the least!
3. Etymology: from Latin tempestas, from tempus, "time, season".

The Latin word originally meant "period of time", which evolved into "weather" and, finally, "storm". Tempus resulted in a neutral condition as "weather", and provided the word for "weather" in modern French (temps), Italian (tempo), Spanish (tiempo), and Romanian (timp).

Other languages whose word for "weather" came from a term originally denoting "time" include Russian (pogodo), Polish (czas), Czech (pocasi), Latvian (laiks), and Breton (amzer).

Dictionary of Word Origins, by John Ayto,
Arcade Publishing, New York, 1990.
tempestuous (adjective), more tempestuous, most tempestuous
1. A reference to something being affected by violent storms: Last night, Lewis and Mary experienced the most tempestuous thunder and rain downpour that they have ever experienced before!
2. Relating to an emotionally turbulent and strong response: Sometimes Floyd and his colleague had tempestuous arguments about how to complete certain objectives that they were striving to achieve.
Conveying a violent reaction.
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tempestuously (adverb), more tempestuously, most tempestuously
Descriptive of how something is affected in a disturbing way: Doug tempestuously glared at Susan because she was criticizing him for something he did not do.
tempestuousness (s) (noun) (no pl)
1. A condition of change or development that is caused by turmoil, upheaval, or commotion: Tempestuousness, including anger, hot tempers and discontent, were negative aspects of Bill and Mary's marriage over the years, which finally ended up with a divorce.
2. A situation involving violent or howling weather: The Jackson family decided to delay their trip because the weather forecast described tempestuousness with blustery and rainy winds for the next few days.
tempo (s) (noun), tempos, tempi (pl)
1. The speed at which a musical composition or passage is performed: The tempo printed at the top of the composition indicated that the orchestra should play the movement of the Suite in Andante, moderately slow, and not in Presto oe very fast.
2. The pace or rate of something: The teacher was told to keep her activities in the classroom at a brisk, and not a slow tempo, while at the same time to maintain the attention of the children.
3. A characteristic rate or rhythm of an activity or motion by someone or something: In the beginning the hikers set their speed of walking at an energetic tempo, and in the afternoon they walked much slower and in an unhurried manner, stopping here and there to enjoy the sights.
4. Etymology: from Italian which came from Latin tempus,, "time".
Noise is a real problem.
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Tempora mutantur. (Latin proverb)
Translation: "The times are changed."

A short version of, Tempora mutantur, nos et mutamur in illis: "The times are changed and we with them."

A similar version is Omnia mutantur, nos et mutamur in illis: "All things are changed, and we with them."

Tempora mutantur nos et mutamur in illis. (Latin proverb)
Translation: "Times change and we change with them."

Attributed to John Owen who died in 1622, a Welshman known for his Latin epigrams.

Tempora mutantur permanet praestantia. (Latin motto)
Translation: "The times change but excellence prevails."

Motto of Mitchell Community College, Statesville, North Carolina, USA.

temporal (adjective), more temporal, most temporal
1. Relating to measured time: Karon's grandmother knew her life was temporal or limited, so she decided to make her will before she got too frail.
2. Connected with life in this world rather than a spiritual life: Making music or painting pictures are temporal arts, being composed or drawn by people, not by ghosts or fairies!
3. Relating to something which is limited by length of periods: Susan was finally lucky enough to get a temporal job which lasted for only 6 weeks because there was no possibility to get a permanent one yet.
Noise is a real problem.
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temporal niche (s) (noun), temporal niches (pl)
An organism’s functional position in its surroundings as determined by the timespan in which it appears and is active there: The temporal niche can be explained as the daily and seasonal rhythm of an animal, for example, as seen in an owl which is characterized by being active during the night and sleeping during the day.
temporally (adverb), more temporally, most temporally
Descriptive of how something is done in a secular or nonreligious way: Although Greg and Steven were members of a church choir, they decided to sing temporally in the musical competition.
temporarily (adverb), more temporarily, most temporarily
Characteristic of how something exists only for a certain time or during a limited time period: During the storm the lights went out and were gone temporarily until the power came on again after the bad weather passed.
temporary (adjective), more temporary, most temporary
1. Relating to a limited duration of time; not permanent; transient; made to supply a passing need: Jim's doctor told him that the medicine would give him temporary relief from the pain.
2. A reference to someone who is hired to work in an office or other workplace for only a short time: Bernard, a university student, was very happy that he was able to get a good paying temporary job during his summer vacation.
3. Characteristic of something or someone that belongs to the present time or to the world: Every creature lives for a transitory or temporary time regardless of how many efforts a person or an animal might desire to exist much longer.