tempo-, tempor-, temp-

(Latin: time, occasion)

Don't confuse this tempo- element with other words that refer to the temples; such as, the flattened sides of the forehead or the buildings used for religious worship or services. They simply have no connection with this element.

We all have our time machines. Some take us back, they're called memories. Some take us forward, they're called dreams.

—Jeremy Irons, actor
equitemporaneous (adjective), more equitemporaneous, most equitemporaneous
Performed in equal lengths of time: In 1959 both Alaska and Hawaii were admitted to the U.S., being the 49th and 50th states, and the equitemporaneous period was also when Fidel Castro overthrew the government of Cuba and established a Communist regime.
extemporaneous (adjective), more extemporaneous, most extemporaneous
1. Relating to a performance without any preparation: After receiving so much applause after completing the recital, the pianist gave an extemporaneous encore.
2. Pertaining to being prepared in advance but delivered without notes: Alfred spent the whole afternoon thinking and writing down what he wanted to say at his farewell ceremony the next evening so that he could give an extemporaneous speech without using his rough draft from the day before.
3. Referring to speaking without preparation or notes; literally, "out of the moment": Rick gave a short extemporaneous speech after he received the first prize in the debate club.
4. Descriptive of taking place with little or no prior preparation or practice: Dr. Thomas gave an extemporaneous talk on the importance of good health at the meeting because the main speaker suddenly became ill with a fever!
extemporaneously (adverb), more extemporaneously, most extemporaneously
Descriptive of speaking or doing something that can't be planed in advance: Everybody in the debate club had to practice speaking extemporaneously, or spontaneously, and strive to convince the others of his or her viewpoints.
extemporarily (adverb), more extemporarily, most extemporarily
Referring to doing something that is executed or carried out without prior forethought: All of a sudden Henry asked Jane extemporarily for marriage, although they had known each other for only a short time!
extemporariness (s) (noun) (usually no plural)
A thought, an action, or a procedure which takes place in an impromptu or unplanned manner: Jack was known for his extemporariness because he often showed little or no prior thinking regarding his comments, which showed his poor judgement at certain times.
extemporary (adjective), more extemporary, most extemporary
1. Denoting something which comes up all of a sudden at the moment and unexpectedly: Guests suddenly arrived at Alice's home in the evening so an extemporary meal had to be prepared with what was currently available because there was no time to go shopping for any additional food.
2. Made for, or suggested by the occasion; hastily built, prepared, or provided: Tom's town decided to put up an improvised or extemporary housing for the refugees which were expected during the following two weeks.
extempore (adverb), more extempore, most extempore
Referring to how something is stated or accomplished without preparatory measures: On his Dad’s 90th birthday, Tom suddenly decided to say a few words of extempore sincere thanks.
extempore (adjective), more extempore, most extempore
With little or no preparation: The politician made an extempore response to the heckler who was yelling at him from the crowd.
extemporization (s) (noun), extemporizations (pl)
The action of speaking or of composing and executing music by improvising it: Lynn was next to go on the stage and show her extemporization of a song which she learned only a minute before performing it.
extemporize (verb), extemporizes; extemporized; extemporizing
1. To perform or to speak without having made any preparation in advance: When Steven came home from work, he found his wife extemporizing about the importance of playing with a ball outside and not in the kitchen because their son had thrown one and broken a dish!
2. To compose or perform a piece of music by improvising: Lisa spent her afternoon extemporizing new melodies on the piano and writing them down.
3. To do or to devise something in a makeshift fashion: Hana’s mother had to extemporize a meal to feed six, not only three, because Hana brought some friends home with her after school!
4. Etymology: formed from Latin ex tempore, literally, "out of the moment"; from tempor, the stem of tempus, "time".
To speak without prior study of the subject, to improvise.
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To indicate something is not part of a script, to perform off hand.
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To say something that is not part a verbal presentation, to extemporize.
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extemporizer (s) (noun), extemporizers (pl)
Someone who deviates from a prepared version of something: Allen is a jazz musician who is an extemporizer because he often creates a piece of music on the spot without playing the notes from a sheet of music.
intemperance (s) (noun), intemperances (pl)
1. Lack of moderation or restraint; excess in any kind of action; specifically, excessive indulgence of any passion or appetite: Some people think they must have many pieces of cake and cookies every day and this intemperance causes them to become quite overweight or obese!
2. Immoderate consumption of alcoholic drinks; addiction to overdrinking: On too many occasions, Robert often said he was just enjoying another glass of wine, but his wife knew that this was just another form of his intemperance and, as a result, this caused their marriage to break up.
intemperate (in TEMP uh rit) (adjective), more intemperate, most intemperate
1. Pertaining to something that is extreme or excessive; especially, with reference to climate or weather: Some parts of the world are experiencing intemperate weather conditions including abnormal flooding, which causes severe damage to roads, basements, houses, farms, etc.
2. A reference to a person's actions or habits which lack moderation or are unbridled: When Jane had an argument with another student, she often became a very intemperate girl who was exceptionally unrestrained and forceful.
3. Characterized by or addicted to excessive indulgence in a passion or appetite: Those who excessively play computer games everyday, could be described as having an intemperate lifestyle which causes them to miss participating in other necessary and important activities; such as, not doing their homework for school or helping their parents with the housework!
4. Given to the immoderate use of intoxicating drink or being addicted to excessive drinking: Greg kept wine and liquor hidden from his wife in his closet, which showed his intemperate and overdependence of such beverages.
omnitemporal (adjective) (not comparative)
1. Pertaining to all times: Sad as it is, history has been and is still full of omnitemporal wars between nations.
2. Relating to God's existence at all times; referring to the eternity of the Supreme Being: People go to church to celebrate the Omnitemporal Almighty in songs, prayers and at different religious festivities during the year.
3. Descriptive of general truths in timeless reality: Some omnitemporal statements relate to the fact that water is wet or that snow is white; apparently because this has been confirmed by nature from the beginning of time.
4. Conveying a condition of existing now, and having a past, present, and a future: Creatures of all kinds are omnitemporal species that have lived on earth and will continue to survive as long as the planet exists.
5. Characteristic of the existence at every moment of time: The sun is said to be an omnitemporal asteroid that has never disappeared from the solar system during the day or night of any year in the past or present.
pretemporal (adjective) (not comparable)
1. Characteristic of time before it began; antemundane: Scientists can only speculate about when the appearance of organisms started to exist in the pretemporal period.
2. Etymology: from Latin pre, "before" + temporalis, "period of time, season".