soma-, som-, somat-, somato-, -soma, -some, -somus, -somia, -somic, -somal, -somite, -somatous, -somatia, -somatic

(Greek: body; mass)

sarcosoma, sarcoma
The fleshy portion of an anthozoan (marine organisms; such as, the corals and sea anemones, that have radial segments and grow singly or in colonies) as opposed to the skeletal portion of an animal's body.
1. The whole vegetative body of an organism, excluding the reproductive cells.
2. In physiology, the body as distinguished from the mind, psyche, and the soul.
3. All the cells and tissues in the body considered collectively, with the exception of germ cells.
4. The main body of a nerve cell, from which other structures may project.
5. The axial part of the body, excluding the limbs.
1. Endoskeletal supports of dermal fin-rays.
2. Radialia or cartilaginous or bony fin-rays of fish.
The smallest portion of protoplasm which can retain its physiological properties; that is, the chemical molecule of protoplasm.
somaesthesis (s) (noun), somaesthesis
1. The sensory awareness of bodily feelings including awareness of positions, skin senses, unconscious perceptions of movements and spatial orientations coming from stimuli within the body itself, and the internal organs: Gabriel lost his sense of somaesthesis when he participated in the space center experiment of weightlessness.
2. The sensory perceptions of bodily feelings like touch, pain, position of the limbs, etc.: Nancy used her sense of somaesthesis to orient herself while climbing the curved stairway.

Mr. Gibson, the biologist, said that somaesthesis is spread through all major parts of a mammal's body and of other vertebrates.

somaesthetic (adjective), more somaesthetic, most somaesthetic
A reference to sensory stimuli coming from the skin and internal organs and the perception of these stimuli: Shirley winced because of the somaesthetic discomfort of the pain that she felt when she fell down and twisted her arm.
Relating to the body or soma.
Relating to the body of a man.
1. Pain in the body or bodily pain or suffering.
2. Pain due to organic causes, as opposed to psychogenic pain or pain due to psychical causes.
somatesthesia (s) (noun), somatesthesias (pl)
1. The sensation, or consciousness, of having a body: Narcissus was overcome with somatesthesia when he viewed himself in a clear pool of water.
2. Pertaining to, or designating, those sensations; such as, pressure, pain, or warmth that can occur anywhere in the body: As he walked under the pine tree, Jason felt a distinct somatesthesia when the pine needles struck his face.
somatesthetic (adjective), more somatesthetic, most somatesthetic
Pertaining to the sensation, or consciousness, of having a body: The cat’s somatesthetic awareness of how much space its body requires is important when it is crawling through a small space.
1. Of or relating to the body part of a plant or animal.
2. Made up of or relating to somatic cells, as distinguished from the germ cells.
3. Properly pertaining to the body, but when it is used alokne, it specifically means pertaining to the body wall as distinct from the splanchnic mass (relating to the intestines).