soma-, som-, somat-, somato-, -soma, -some, -somus, -somia, -somic, -somal, -somite, -somatous, -somatia, -somatic
(Greek: body; mass)
It is useful in evaluating congenital anomalies, mental retardation, and delayed puberty as well as in the prenatal diagnosis of serious congenital diseases; such as, Klinefelter syndrome and Down syndrome and other suspected genetic disorders.
Used as a diagnostic for particular diseases; for example, types of leukemia.
It is indicative of gene activity; specifically, DNA and RNA synthesis at that site.
Such bands appear at certain chromosomal locations within a given tissue at specific developmental states in insects and are significant in the study of the mode of genetic transmission.
2. The cell body exclusive of the nucleus.
2. A fleshy, protein-rich "food patch" on some seeds or fruits which is attractive to ants and so aids the dispersal of the seeds.
The elaiosome is rich in lipids and proteins, and may be variously shaped. Many plants have elaiosomes to attract ants, which take the seeds to their nest and feed the elaiosome to their larvae.
After the larvae have consumed the elaiosome, the ants take the seed to their waste disposal area, which is rich in nutrients from the ant frass (fine powdery material phytophagous or plant-eating insects pass as waste after digesting plant parts) and dead bodies, where the seeds can germinate.
This type of seed dispersal is termed myrmecochory, from Greek myrmex, "ant" and kore, "dispersal" and is discussed in more detail at the link indicated in this sentence.
It is also called a red blood cell (RBC). The reddish color is due to the hemoglobin.
The endosome is characteristic of trypanosomes, parasitic amebas, and phytoflagellates.
Exposome represents everything a person is exposed to in the environment including stress, diet, lifestyle choices, recreational and medicinal drug use, and infections; and it changes throughout life as our bodies, diets, and lifestyles change.2. The record of all exposures, both internal and external, that an individual receives over his or her lifetime, from conception onward.
These exposures range from chemicals in the environment to the body’s response to infection or psychological stress.3. Everything that a person encounters in daily life; from diet and drug use to stress, and what risks these exposures pose to an individual's health, and to unravel the causes of disease.
As biomonitoring tools become wearable to monitor an individual's exposure to environmental pollutants, and when such devices can work in real time, people will have better control of their exposome existence.
In this way, the exposome could pave the way for the personalized medicine that the human genome has promised but which has not yet been achieved.4. An approach using various genomic, proteomic (structure and analysis of proteins occurring in living organisms), and metabolomic (chemical reactions in living organisms to maintain life) methods to gather the information needed to characterize the exposome; for example, measuring gene expression, protein adducts, metals, and metabolites in human blood, and then using data analysis to sort out which ones are related to a disease.
2. That division of the acarine (mite or tick) body which has a mouth opening and mouth parts.