sialo-, sial- +

(Greek: saliva (suh LIGH vuh); spittle, foam from the mouth; the salivary glands)

sialoid
Resembling saliva.
sialolith
A calcareous concretion or calculus in the salivary ducts or glands, involving most commonly the submaxillary gland and its duct, less frequently the parotid and sublingual glands and their ducts, and seldom the minor salivary glands. Also called: salivary calculus and salivary stone.
sialolithiasis
1. The formation or presence of a salivary calculus; ptyalolithiasis.
2. The disease characterized by the formation of salivary calculi.

Symptoms depend on the site of the calculus or calculi and whether infections, sometimes recurrent, are concerned. In the submandibular salivary gland, the site of 90 percent of such cases, large calculi are likely to obstruct the duct and result in swelling of the gland while eating. Also, ptyalolithotomy.

sialolithotomy
Incision of a salivary gland or duct for the removal of a calculus.

The majority of such incisions are made from within the mouth to remove a calculus from the submandibular salivary duct. Also, ptyalolithotomy.

sialology
The scientific study of saliva; its functions, therapeutic treatment, etc.
sialoma
A salivary tumor.
sialometaplasia
Metaplasia of the salivary glands.
sialometer
An instrument for measuring the rate of secretion of saliva from the major salivary glands.

It consists of an arrangement for attachment to the opeining of the salivary duct, by suction or cannulation, and a drop counter or other means of measuring the weight or volumen of the secretions.

sialometry
The measurement of the rate of secretion of saliva, usually from the parotid and submandibular salivary glands, done for physiological reasons and for the investigation of salivary gland diseases.
sialomucin
A mucin whose carbohydrate groups contain a sialic acid.

A mucin refers to any of a group of glycoproteins found especially in the secretions of mucous membranes.

sialon
Saliva.
sialophagia
The excessive swallowing of saliva.
sialoprotein
Any glycoprotein containing sialic acid.

A glycoprotein is a molecule that consists of a carbohydrate plus a protein. Glycoproteins play essential roles in the body; for example, in the immune system almost all of the key molecules involved in the immune response are glycoproteins.

sialoquent, sialoquence
Spraying saliva when speaking.
I once knew a fellow named Fritz,
Who spoke with conspicuous spritz.
Whatever he’d say
Came out with a spray—:
His sialoquent spurts gave me fits!

—Chloe S. Yarmouth, as seen in There's a Word for it! by Charles Harrington Elster
sialorrhea, sialorrhoea (British)
1. An excess secretion of saliva; a condition produced by mercury, pilocarpine, and by nervous disturbances.
2. The excessive flow of saliva.

Other related saliva and/or spittle units: ptyalo-; salivo-; sput-.