sialo-, sial- +

(Greek: saliva (suh LIGH vuh); spittle, foam from the mouth; the salivary glands)

A reduction or deficiency in the flow of saliva.
sialectasia, sialectasis
Fusiform dilation of the minor ducts of the salivary glands indicative of and consequent to chronic infection.
Hysterical pseudovomiting in which saliva rather than gastric contents are disgorged.
1. Having the characteristics of saliva.
2. Of or pertaining to saliva; producing or carrying saliva; as, the salivary ferment; the salivary glands; the salivary ducts, etc.
3. Pertaining to the saliva.
4. A reference to sialic acid.
sialic acid (s) (noun), sialic acids (pl)
Any of a group of amino carbohydrates that are components of mucoproteins and glycoproteins, especially in animal tissue and blood cells: Siatic acids reduce amido acids that are essentially carbohydrates and are found especially as components of blood glycoproteins and mucoproteins.

A few serious diseases rely on the proximity of, or the lack of some enzymes connected to the metabolism of sialic acids.

An autosomal (chromosome or threadlike part of a cell that carries hereditary information in the form of genes) recessive disorder due to a deficiency of sialidase, occurring as two types with differing manifestations.

Type I is of adolescent or adult onset and is characterized by myoclonus, ocular cherry red spot with progressive loss of visual acuity, and storage of sialyloligosaccharides.

Type II is additionally characterized by somatic abnormalities, coarse facies, and dysostosis multiplex.

It occurs as several variants of increasing severity with earlier age of onset; that of infantile onset is characterized also by visceromegaly and mental retardation, and the congenital form is additionally characterized by ascites, hydrops fetalis, facial edema, inguinal hernias, and early death.

Cases of a juvenile form have been shown to be galactosialidosis which is a rare inherited metabolic disorder with multiple symptoms that can include skeletal abnormalities, mental retardation, and progressive neurological degeneration.

1. Having to do with saliva.
2. Having the characteristics of saliva.
The excessive flow of saliva.
An increase in the flow of saliva.
Inflammation of a salivary duct or ducts.
Incision and drainage of a salivary gland.
sialoaerophagia, sialoaerophagy (s) (noun) (no pl)
The excessive or frequent swallowing of saliva and air which are taken into the stomach: Jack had the habit of ingesting quantities of saliva along with air which his doctor diagnosed as a case of sialoaerophagy.
Dilatation of the salivary ducts.
Radiography of the ducts of the salivary glands after injection of radiopaque material.
sialoangitis, sialoangiitis
Inflammation of the salivary ducts.

Other related saliva and/or spittle units: ptyalo-; salivo-; sput-.