sali-, salt-, -sili-, sult-, -salta-
(Latin: to leap, leaping; to jump, jumping; to hop, hopping; to spring forward, springing forward)
Don't confuse this sali-, salt-; "jump" unit with another sal-, sali- unit which refers to "salt".
Multitudes of saltations take place with locusts; especially, when they are disturbed by creatures walking around among them while they are eating plants in uncultivated fields or on farms.2. Development or transition that takes place in bounds or bounces: There are several species that move around with saltations and squirrels and rats are among the most common examples.
3. The abrupt evolutionary development of a new species: Saltations can be a result of genetic mutations or sudden changes of a species in a single generation or from one generation to the next one.
In its extreme form, saltation is no longer considered valid by most modern evolutionary biologists.4. The skpping movement of particles of soil or sand in the wind or in running water, characterized by bouncing movements: When soils or sand are characterized by saltations, they are usually caused by movements over some kind of irregular or uneven surfaces; for example, rocks or other uneven areas.
Saltationism is generally not considered to be a method by which evolution occurs.
Marian's students love to do more saltatorial activities than those in other classes in school.
In addition to other insects with saltatorial limbs, grasshoppers, locusts, and crickets are among the most easily recognized examples of those creatures that have saltatorial back legs.2. In genetics, descriptive of a single mutation that drastically alters the phenotype: A saltatorial phenotype is the appearance of an individual, that results from the interaction of the person's genetic makeup and his or her environment.
2. Formed for hopping: A reference to saltatorious insects or saltatorious legs that make it possible for insects to jump so they can transport themselves from place to place.
2. A reference to going around from one place to another one by hopping rather than by smooth gradual walking or running: Frogs, toads, and kangaroos are a few examples of creatures that progress around in more saltatory ways.
As the biologist walked through the field, he could see the saltatory or springing around of the grasshoppers that were surrounding him.
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The phenomena of saltatory evolutions occur predominantly in plants as a result of having one or more extra sets of chromosomes or DNA that are encoded with genes and structural proteins.
2. Moving by pouncing: One of the most saltigrade species includes a tribe of leaping spiders; such as, those that lie in wait and jump on their prey.
An "ordinary" saltire is used in heraldry to mean any of several conventional figures used on shields.2. Etymology: an ordinary on a shield or flag like a St. Andrew's Cross, from Middle French (as written and spoken about 1400 to about 1600) saultoir; literally, "stirrup", from Medieval Latin saltatorium, neuter of Latin saltatorius, "pertaining to leaping"; from salire, "to leap". The connection between a stirrup and the diagonal cross is perhaps the two deltoid shapes that make up the cross.
The children in school, including Mary and Martin, learned how to turn somersaults in their gym classes.2. A reversal of opinion or decision; or a complete change of mind or reversal of policy: The politicians were accused of doing somersaults with their proposals.
When Erica heard the shocking news about her father's death, her heart did a figurative somersault.3. Etymology: a leap in which a person tumbles heels over head in mid-air, comes from the Old French sombresault, which was based on the earlier form sobresault.
Both of these French words were rooted, in turn, on a combination of the Latin supra, "above, over" and saltus, meaning "to leap"; derived from salire, "to jump"; giving us the combined sense of "to leap above".
The word first appeared in English in the form sobersault in about 1530, but by the beginning of the 19th century, English speakers and writers were using the modern form somersault.