regi-, reg-, rec-, rex-
(Latin: to direct, to rule, to lead straight, to keep straight; to guide, to govern)
Although it does not appear to be correct, all of the words in this unit etymologically come from this family group. Some words; such as, surge and its related formats, may be presented as separate units; however, they originally evolved from this family unit.
2. The feminine administrative head of some schools, colleges, or universities: Mrs. Johnson was the principal, or rectrix, of the local educational institution in Mary’s town.
3. In ornithology, a bird’s tail feather used to guide it during flight: One of the long back quill feathers of a bird, or rectrix, is employed as a rudder or control surface, and is used to steer or to direct the path it takes while flying in the air.
The long, stiff, asymmetrically shaped feathers on the tails of a bird are called retrices and their primary functions are to aid in the production of both thrust and lift during flight.
2. The easement or compensation from an injury or from a wrong: Mr. Johnson sought legal redress regarding his wife's will not being considered at all in the court case.
Sally wanted to have a horse and wanted her parents to redress this wish, but since it would cost too much money, Sally would have to wait until she earned lots of money herself.
2. To put right; to make reparations for: The customer complained about not being helped at all, so her complaint was redressed quickly.
3. To relieve from: The poverty-stricken people were redressed by the government with food and clothing.
2. The time period when a governing body is ruling: During the regency, the people of the country prayed for a successful and full recovery of their king.
2. One who governs as a substitute for a monarch: A regent was invested with ruling power because the king had died and the young prince was only two years old!
3. A member of the governing board of a university or college: Jack found out that a regent was part of the governing body in Scotland, in the U.S.A., and in Canada.
2. Someone who commits the crime of murdering a king: John Jones, Adrian Scrope, and Gregory Clement are just three regicides who were arrested, found guilty, and were either hanged or drawn and quartered.