re-, red-

(Latin: back, backward, again; used as a prefix)

reciprocity (s) (noun), reciprocities (pl)
1. A condition or relationship of a mutual dependence or action or influence: The two friends shared an apartment and the reciprocity of getting along and helping each other in the home proved to be successful for a long time.
2. A cooperative interchange of favors or privileges, especially the exchange of rights or privileges of trade between nations: The two countries did business and had transactions with goods and services with each other and this common reciprocity equally benefited them and existed for many years.
3. An arrangement in personal licensure whereby one jurisdiction accepts another jurisdiction's prior issuance: Both countries agreed on a reciprocity, allowing an individual to practice medicine and not being required to demonstrate again through examination or otherwise, that he or she has met minimum levels of competence required for a license.
4. An arrangement between governments whereby their nationals are entitled to certain stated medical care or other benefits on an agreed basis: Within the European Community there exists a reciprocity whereby the citizens are allowed to cross the boarders between the different countries without having to prove their identity with using their passports, which is a great advantage for everybody!
5. In anthropology, a system in which the exchange of goods is conducted within the groups of a society or community according to a prescribed ritual: Reciprocity is a non-market trading between people in countries or even in the home when gifts are given to each other for Christmas or as birthday presents.
A mutual acion by giving and taking between two people.
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Reciprocity in the news: "Talking tough on trade, Paris seeks 'reciprocity' "

The French agriculture minister Thursday (May 31, 2007) warned that France could use its veto powers to block a global trade deal that did not protect European agricultural interests.

The French minister, Christine Lagarde, said, "The need for reciprocity is imperative. We will not see a breakthrough in global trade talks until we see exact figures from the United States that show reciprocity and balance."

—Compiled from an article titled
"Talking tough on trade, Paris seeks 'reciprocity' " by Dan Bilefsky,
Internatioal Herald Tribune, Fricay, June 1, 2007; page 1.
recitation (s) (noun), recitations (pl)
1. The public reading aloud of something, or reciting of something, from memory; especially, poetry.
2. Material read aloud or recited from memory in public; especially, poetry.
3. The act of listing or reporting something.
4. The oral response by a student to questions about previously taught material.
recite (verb), recites; recited; reciting
1. To read something aloud or to repeat something rehearsed or memorized, either for an audience or in a class at school.
2. To give a detailed account of an occurrence or an event.
reclaim (verb), reclaims; reclaimed; reclaiming
1. To get something back which was lost or taken away: Constance was reclaiming the money and jewels from the police which were stolen by the burglar who was caught and arrested.
2. To make land, which was covered by flood waters, fit again for cultivation: An environmental group was helping farmers reclaim acres of fields so they could start growing their crops again.
3. To recover materials for reuse by freeing them from impurities: Plastics, rubber, and some other elements are being reclaimed by rendering them acceptable for the production of usable items again.
recluse (s) (noun), recluses (pl)
Anyone who lives alone and avoids seeing or being with other people: Josh's neighbor is a recluse and is seen no more than once a year.

Some recluses live in solitude in the forests or mountains completely away from other people.

Living in solitude and away from anyone else.
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Living in solitude and away from anyone else.
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recognition (rek" uhg NISH uhn) (s) (noun), (usually only used in the singular) recognitions (pl)
1. The act of identifying someone or something on the basis of a past sighting or experience, the ability to do this, or the fact of being identified through having been seen or experienced before: Although Greg passed by Grace without any sign of recognition when he got off the bus, this occurred because his thoughts were focused on getting to work on time and he was close to being late.
2. Appreciation of the value of an achievement: Jim's pioneering work never got the recognition it deserved.
3. Acknowledgment of the existence or validity of something: Jack and Jill need recognition from the committee in order to proceed with the celebration.
4. Permission given by someone chairing a meeting to another person who has asked to speak: The head of the English department gave recognition to Mr. Smith who wanted to offer his opinion on the subject of grading.
5. The formal acceptance by one country of the independent and legal status of another country: Guatemala’s recognition of Belize ended the territorial controversy in 1991.
6. Something given or awarded as a token of acknowledgment or gratitude: Lynn was presented with a trophy as recognition of being the best improved violinist in the school orchestra.
7. The sensing and conversion of data into a machine-readable form by a computer: It is possible that handwriting can be transformed into a PC or laptop by certain means of recognition or coding.
8. In biology, the ability of molecules with complementary shapes to attach to one another: Enzyme-substrate and antibody-antigen interactions are two forms of recognition in the field of science.
recommend (verb), recommends; recommended; recommending
1. To present as worthy of confidence, acceptance, use, etc.; to commend; to mention favorably: Mike will recommend that his son become an applicant for a better paying job.

Judy's friend recommends that she read a certain book that will improve her understanding of the kind of psychotherapy which would benefit her.
2. To represent or to urge as advisable or expedient: Sam felt the need to recommend caution when his friend was about to drive home during the rain storm.
3. To advise, as an alternative; to suggest a choice, course of action, etc. as appropriate, beneficial, etc.:

At the restaurant, Charles recommended the blue-plate special because it included an especially delicious steak.

Ted's doctor recommended special exercises for him to do to help his aching back.

4. Etymology: from Latin commendare, "to entrust to, to praise", from re- + mandare "to give into someone's hand, to commit to one's charge".

recondite (adjective), more recondite, most recondite
1. A reference to something which is abstruse and very difficult to understand: The politician replied to the questions with such recondite answers, that no one knew what he was talking about.

The students complained that the new textbook about the origins of words had too many recondite explanations for them to comprehend.

2. Etymology: from Latin reconditus, "hidden, secrete" from recondere, "to put away", from re-, "back" + condere, "to hide" + com-, "together" + dare, "to give."
Too profound for normal comprehension.
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recur (verb), recurs; recurred; recurring
1. To take place repeatedly: Amy's nightmare recurred for weeks, even though she slept with the light on.
2. To come to one's attention or memory again and again: The sad meeting with Megan kept recurring in Jim's mind for a long time.
recurrence (s) (noun), recurrences (pl)
An action or situation that is repeated or happens again: After Luke's exposure to poison ivy on the hike in the mountains, he had several recurrences of the itchy rash for several days.

Eugenia had a recurrence of cancer cells in the same place as before.

recycle (s) (noun), recycles (pl)