pung-, punc-, punct-

(Latin: pungere, punctum to strike, to hit, to punch, to pierce, to puncture, to point, to sting, to bite; a dot, a mark; a point, a sharp point, a pinpoint)

These vocabulary roots have developed a confusing family of words which, on the surface, do not seem to be related; however, the entries in this unit really are derived from the roots and the meanings that appear in the headings of this unit.

repugnancy (s) (noun), repugnancies (pl)
Opposition; contrariety; especially, a strong instinctive antagonism, aversion, and reluctance about someone or something: The repugnancy of the odor of that squid definitely keeps Mark from wanting to eat it!
repugnant (adjective), more repugnant, most repugnant
1. A reference to something that is offensive and completely unacceptable: The idea of wearing a swimsuit to a formal dinner is an example of repugnant social conduct.
2. Descriptive of something that is very disturbing and can make people feel physically repelled or disgusted: Because the changing room at the gym hadn't been aired out and six P.E. periods had taken place that day, the room had quite a repugnant odor!
3. Relating to a person who is offensive or repulsive by behaving immorally and badly: Rebecca displayed total repugnant behavior by encouraging other students to drink alcoholic beverages before school in the morning.
4. Etymology: from Latin repugnantem, repugnans and repugnare, "to fight back, to resist"; from re-, "back" + pugnare, "to fight".
Relating to something that is repulsive, distasteful, or offensive.
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Referring to something that is offensive to the taste.
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repugnantly (adverb), more repugnantly, most repugnantly
Characteristic of how someone behaves in a detestable or repulsive way: It can be stated the former president was either repugnantly adverse and antagonistic or was balefully mislead and lying.
repugnate (verb), repugnates; repugnated; repugnating
A rare term meaning to resist or to stand firmly against someone or something: Little Susi was three years old had the tendency to repuginate, or fight against, what her mother wanted her to do, like going to bed in the evening!
vasopuncture (s) (noun), vasopunctures (pl)
The penetration of a vessel with a needle: A vasopuncrture includes the perforation of the vas deferens, or the secretory duct of the testicle.
viewpoint (s) (noun), viewpoints (pl)
1. A position from which something is observed or considered: A viewpoint is a spot or geographical place from which people can look at something and which allows a particular range of sight.
2. A personal perspective from which an individual considers something: In the newspaper there were many different viewpoints presented regarding vaccinations to protect people from becoming extremely sick with COVID-19.

Cross references of word families that are related directly, or indirectly, to: "sour, sharp": acerb-; aceto-; acid-; acies- (not "sour"); acuto- (not "sour"); oxy-.